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A1075

Sigma-Aldrich

Amyloid β Protein Fragment 1-40

≥90% (HPLC), powder

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Synonym(s):
Aβ40
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C194H295N53O58S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
4329.80
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

assay

≥90% (HPLC)

form

powder

color

white

solubility

1% acetic acid: 1 mg/mL
saline: insoluble

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

human ... APP(351)

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This Item
A7973AG918SCP0029
vibrant-m

A1075

Amyloid β Protein Fragment 1-40

Gene Information

human ... APP(351)

Gene Information

human ... APP(351)

Gene Information

human ... APP(351)

Gene Information

human ... APP(351)

form

powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

powder

form

lyophilized

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

-

storage temp.

−20°C

solubility

1% acetic acid: 1 mg/mL, saline: insoluble

solubility

H2O: soluble

solubility

-

solubility

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

-

Amino Acid Sequence

Asp-Ala-Glu-Phe-Arg-His-Asp-Ser-Gly-Tyr-Glu-Val-His-His-Gln-Lys-Leu-Val-Phe-Phe-Ala-Glu-Asp-Val-Gly-Ser-Asn-Lys-Gly-Ala-Ile-Ile-Gly-Leu-Met-Val-Gly-Gly-Val-Val

General description

Amyloid β Protein Fragment 1-40 (Aβ40) is derived from the amyloid-β protein (Aβ), which is mapped to human chromosome 21q21.3. Aβ40 is predominantly present in the vascular amyloid deposits. Aβ40 comprises of C-terminal membrane insertion domain. It shows structural transition from random coil to a α-helical structure in a water-micelle medium.

Application

Amyloid β Protein Fragment 1-40 has been used:
  • in the temperature based conformational studies using Fourier transform infrared/differential scanning calorimetry (FT-IR/DSC) studies
  • as a reference standard in sandwich-type enzyme immunoassay for quantifying amyloid A4 protein in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with head trauma
  • as a component of embryonic stem cell medium to inhibit amyloid deposition in fibroblasts

Biochem/physiol Actions

Amyloid β Protein Fragment 1-40 (Aβ40) forms cation based ion channels.
Amyloid β-protein is neurotrophic and neurotoxic in vivo and in vitro in human and rat neuronal cell cultures. β-Amyloid peptides (amino acids 1-42 and 1-43) are the major constituents of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles that occur in the hippocampus, neocortex, and amygdala of patients with Alzheimer′s disease.

Reconstitution

For maximal biological activity, dilute the stock in calcium-free PBS to 1 mg/ml and incubate at 37 °C for 4 days.

Other Notes

Lyophilized from 0.1% TFA in H2O

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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H Funato et al.
The American journal of pathology, 152(4), 983-992 (1998-04-18)
Amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) is the major component of senile plaques that emerge in the cortex during aging and appear most abundantly in Alzheimer's disease. In the course of our immunocytochemical study on a large number of autopsy cases, we noticed
D R Howlett et al.
Neurodegeneration : a journal for neurodegenerative disorders, neuroprotection, and neuroregeneration, 4(1), 23-32 (1995-03-01)
The behaviour of synthetic batches of beta-amyloid (beta A) 1-40 peptide in solution has been studied. The effects of beta A1-40 on a PC12 cell toxicity assay was dependent upon the time of preincubation of an aqueous solution of the
M Citron et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 93(23), 13170-13175 (1996-11-12)
Cerebral deposition of the amyloid beta protein (A beta) is an early and invariant feature of Alzheimer disease (AD). Whereas the 40-amino acid form of A beta (A beta 40) accounts for approximately 90% of all A beta normally released
Amyloid beta protein 1-40 and 1-42 levels in matched cerebrospinal fluid and plasma from patients with Alzheimer disease
Mehta PD, et al.
Neuroscience Letters, 304(1-2), 102-106 (2001)
K Ueda et al.
Brain research, 639(2), 240-244 (1994-03-14)
The neurotoxic effects of soluble and aggregated synthetic amyloid beta protein (A beta P) have been investigated in rat primary cultures. Freshly solubilized beta(1-40) was neurotoxic not to immature, but to mature hippocampal neurons. On the other hand, aggregated beta(1-40)

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