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A5251

Sigma-Aldrich

3-Acetylpyridine adenine dinucleotide

≥85%

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Synonym(s):
3 -Acetyl NAD, APADH, APAD
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H28N6O14P2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
662.44
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.51

biological source

Porcine brain

Quality Level

assay

≥85%

form

powder

solubility

water: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CC(=O)c1ccc[n+](c1)[C@@H]2O[C@H](COP([O-])(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]3O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]3O)n4cnc5c(N)ncnc45)[C@@H](O)[C@H]2O

InChI

1S/C22H28N6O14P2/c1-10(29)11-3-2-4-27(5-11)21-17(32)15(30)12(40-21)6-38-43(34,35)42-44(36,37)39-7-13-16(31)18(33)22(41-13)28-9-26-14-19(23)24-8-25-20(14)28/h2-5,8-9,12-13,15-18,21-22,30-33H,6-7H2,1H3,(H3-,23,24,25,34,35,36,37)/t12-,13-,15-,16-,17-,18-,21-,22-/m1/s1

InChI key

KPVQNXLUPNWQHM-RBEMOOQDSA-N

Related Categories

General description

3-Acetylpyridine adenine dinucleotide is a crystalline solid. 3-Acetylpyridine adenine dinucleotide is a prominent electron transporter in various enzymatic activities in which it is alternately oxidized. APAD has a more significant oxidation potential than NAD. NAD analogues, APAD, were electrochemically more effectively reduced than genuine NAD, and the stability of their reduced products was also significantly higher than NADH. In transhydrogenation processes with NADH or NADPH, APAD also operates as a proton acceptor.

Application

Many molecules use 3-Acetylpyridine adenine dinucleotide as a signaling molecule, cofactor, or substrate. Various dehydrogenase processes use APAD instead of NAD as a hydrogen-accepting cofactor. The oxidative phosphorylation can be studied with ADAP. ADAP can also be used as a suitable substrate.

Biochem/physiol Actions

APAD is an NAD analog with higher oxidation potential than NAD. It can substitute for NAD as a hydrogen-accepting cofactor in many dehydrogenase reactions; e.g. lactate dehydrogenase from Toxoplasma, Clonorchis, and Plasmodium, bacterial lipoamide dehydrogenase, as well as mammalian dehydrogenases. It can also act as a proton acceptor in various transhydrogenation reactions with NADH or NADPH.

Linkage

Analog of NAD

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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