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A6469

Sigma-Aldrich

Apelin-13 trifluoroacetate salt

≥95%

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Synonym(s):
Prepro-65-77-Apelin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C69H111N23O16S · C2F3O2
Molecular Weight:
1663.84
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

Assay

≥95%

form

powder

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

OC(=O)C(F)(F)F.CSCC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@@H]1CCCN1C(=O)CNC(=O)[C@H](CCCCN)NC(=O)[C@H](Cc2cnc[nH]2)NC(=O)[C@H](CO)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](CCCNC(N)=N)NC(=O)[C@@H]3CCCN3C(=O)[C@H](CCCNC(N)=N)NC(=O)[C@@H](N)CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N4CCC[C@H]4C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc5ccccc5)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C69H111N23O16S.C2HF3O2/c1-39(2)32-47(86-58(98)44(17-9-26-78-68(73)74)83-63(103)52-20-12-29-91(52)65(105)45(18-10-27-79-69(75)76)84-56(96)42(71)22-23-54(72)94)59(99)89-50(37-93)61(101)87-48(34-41-35-77-38-81-41)60(100)82-43(16-7-8-25-70)57(97)80-36-55(95)90-28-11-19-51(90)62(102)85-46(24-31-109-3)66(106)92-30-13-21-53(92)64(104)88-49(67(107)108)33-40-14-5-4-6-15-40;3-2(4,5)1(6)7/h4-6,14-15,35,38-39,42-53,93H,7-13,16-34,36-37,70-71H2,1-3H3,(H2,72,94)(H,77,81)(H,80,97)(H,82,100)(H,83,103)(H,84,96)(H,85,102)(H,86,98)(H,87,101)(H,88,104)(H,89,99)(H,107,108)(H4,73,74,78)(H4,75,76,79);(H,6,7)/t42-,43-,44-,45-,46-,47-,48-,49-,50-,51-,52-,53-;/m0./s1

InChI key

IUOVYCLNUOUEHV-PDGAQFIRSA-N

Gene Information

human ... APLN(8862)

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RAB0018SML0625SML0979
Sigma-Aldrich

Sigma-Aldrich

RAB0018

Apelin EIA Kit

form

powder

form

-

form

powder

form

powder

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

UniProt accession no.

Q9ULZ1

UniProt accession no.

-

UniProt accession no.

-

UniProt accession no.

-

Gene Information

human ... APLN(8862)

Gene Information

human ... APLN(8862)

Gene Information

-

Gene Information

-

Amino Acid Sequence

Gln-Arg-Pro-Arg-Leu-Ser-His-Lys-Gly-Pro-Met-Pro-Phe

General description

Apelin is a regulatory peptide and a ligand of the APJ receptor. It is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family. Apelin and APJ are broadly dispersed in the body.

Application

Apelin-13 trifluoroacetate salt has been used to determine whether apelin promotes progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) by inducing podocyte dysfunction. It has also been used to examine the effects of apelin on myocardial infarction (MI) injury and underlying mechanisms.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Apelin plays physiological roles in the cytoprotection of many internal organs. It is used to treat insulin resistance and hypertension, but it may also can act as a negative factor. Apelin also regulates cardiovascular diseases.
Synthetic endogenous peptide agonist for the human APJ receptor, a putative receptor protein related to the angiotensin receptor (AT1). This peptide exerted an acidification-rate-promoting activity in CHO cells expressing the APJ receptor with a median effective concentration (EC50) value of 0.37 nM. Blocks HIV-1 and HIV-2 entry into cells expressing the APJ receptor.

Other Notes

Lyophilized from 0.1% TFA in H2O

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Customers Also Viewed

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Jiming Yin et al.
Cell death & disease, 9(10), 1031-1031 (2018-10-12)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of podocytes had been reported to be involved in the glomerular fibrosis in diabetic kidney diseases, which was regulated by TGFβ and NFκB pathways. And apelin, an adipokine which is upregulated in diabetic kidney diseases, was
Apelin protects against myocardial ischemic injury by inhibiting dynamin-related protein 1
Xu W, et al.
Oncotarget, 8(59), 100034-100034 (2017)
Apelin in disease
Antushevich H and Wojcik M
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry (2018)
Ewa Mlyczyńska et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(5) (2021-04-04)
Previously, we demonstrated the expression of apelin and G-protein-coupled receptor APJ in human placenta cell lines as well as its direct action on placenta cell proliferation and endocrinology. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of apelin
M X Zou et al.
FEBS letters, 473(1), 15-18 (2000-05-10)
The orphan G protein-coupled receptor APJ has been shown to be a coreceptor for human and simian immunodeficiency virus (HIV and SIV) strains. We have determined that some HIV and SIV strains use APJ as a coreceptor to infect the

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