MilliporeSigma
All Photos(1)

Documents

C8052

Sigma-Aldrich

Cholera Toxin from Vibrio cholerae

≥90% (SDS-PAGE), lyophilized powder

Sign Into View Organizational & Contract Pricing

Synonym(s):
CTX, Cholera enterotoxin, Choleragen
CAS Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

Assay

≥90% (SDS-PAGE)

form

lyophilized powder

composition

Protein, ~5% Lowry-TCA

solubility

H2O: 10 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Compare Similar Items

View Full Comparison

Show Differences

1 of 4

This Item
C8180C9903C3741
form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

solubility

H2O: 10 mg/mL

solubility

-

solubility

H2O: 10 mg/mL

solubility

H2O: soluble 10 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

composition

Protein, ~5% Lowry-TCA

composition

Protein, ~5% Lowry

composition

Protein, ~5% Lowry

composition

-

Application

Cholera Toxin from Vibrio cholerae has been used as a positive control in cAMP (cyclic AMP) assay for enterotoxins. It has been added as a supplement in cell culture media of primary tumors and epithelial cells.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Toxin consisting of an A subunit (27 kDa) surrounded by five B subunits (approximately 12 kDa each), which attach the toxin to ganglioside GM1 on the cell surface. The A subunit catalyzes ADP-ribosylation of the α-subunit of the stimulatory G protein (Gαs), reducing GTPase activity and activating the α-subunit. This activation of Gαs leads to an increase in the activity of adenylyl cyclase, resulting in increased levels of cAMP. Also ADP-ribosylates transducin in the eye rod outer segments, inactivating its GTPase activity. Cholera toxin has also been reported to ADP-ribosylate tubulin. Shown to be a potent mucosal vaccine adjuvant, inducing T helper cell type 2 responses by inhibiting the production of interleukin-12.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Cyclic Nucleotide research. Click here to discover more featured Cyclic Nucleotide products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Packaging

Package size based on protein content.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing Tris buffer salts, sodium chloride, sodium azide and sodium EDTA

Reconstitution

When reconstituted at 1 mg/mL in water, solution will contain 0.05 M Tris buffer salts, pH 7.5, 0.2 M NaCl, 0.003 M NaN3, and 0.001 M sodium EDTA. Store reconstituted solutions in the refrigerator.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Dermal - Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Aquatic Chronic 3

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 2


Certificates of Analysis (COA)

Search for Certificates of Analysis (COA) by entering the products Lot/Batch Number. Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product’s label following the words ‘Lot’ or ‘Batch’.

Already Own This Product?

Documents related to the products that you have purchased in the past have been gathered in the Document Library for your convenience.

Visit the Document Library

Difficulty Finding Your Product Or Lot/Batch Number?

Product numbers are combined with Pack Sizes/Quantity when displayed on the website (example: T1503-25G). Please make sure you enter ONLY the product number in the Product Number field (example: T1503).

Example:

T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

Additional examples:

705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

enter as 1.000309185)

Having trouble? Feel free to contact Technical Service for assistance.

Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

Aldrich Products

  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as 05427ES-021, enter it as 05427ES (without the filling-code '-021').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as STBB0728K9, enter it as STBB0728 without the filling-code 'K9'.

Not Finding What You Are Looking For?

In some cases, a COA may not be available online. If your search was unable to find the COA you can request one.

Request COA

Customers Also Viewed

Slide 1 of 7

1 of 7

The enterotoxin T (BcET) from Bacillus cereus can probably not contribute to food poisoning.
Choma C and Granum PE
FEMS Microbiology Letters, 217, 115-115 (2002)
Nicholas F Wright et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 521(13), 2966-2986 (2013-03-19)
Many brain structures project to both the anteroventral thalamic nucleus and the anteromedial thalamic nucleus. In the present study, pairs of different tracers were placed into these two thalamic sites in the same rats to determine the extent to which
Ligand-dependent corepressor contributes to transcriptional repression by C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factor ZBRK1 through association with KRAB-associated protein-1.
Calderon MR et al.
Nucleic Acids Research, 42, 7012-7012 (2014)
Contribution of CXCL12 secretion to invasion of breast cancer cells.
Boimel PJ et al.
Breast Cancer Research, 14, R23-R23 (2012)
Nobuhiko Kayagaki et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6151), 1246-1249 (2013-07-28)
Gram-negative bacteria including Escherichia coli, Citrobacter rodentium, Salmonella typhimurium, and Shigella flexneri are sensed in an ill-defined manner by an intracellular inflammasome complex that activates caspase-11. We show that macrophages loaded with synthetic lipid A, E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or

Articles

Cyclic nucleotides, including cyclic AMP (cAMP), cyclic GMP (cGMP) and cyclic ADP-ribose, have been extensively studied as second messengers of intracellular events initiated by activation of GPCRs. cAMP modifies cell function in all eukaryotic cells, principally through the activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), but also through cAMP-gated ion channels and guanine nucleotide exchange factors directly activated by cAMP.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service