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G6142

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycerokinase from Cellulomonas sp.

lyophilized powder, 25-75 units/mg protein

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Synonym(s):
ATP:glycerol 3-phosphotransferase, Glycerol Kinase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

form

lyophilized powder

specific activity

25-75 units/mg protein

mol wt

~128 kDa (by gel filtration)

composition

Protein, ≥60% biuret

storage temp.

−20°C

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This Item
G4509G0774G9637
specific activity

25-75 units/mg protein

specific activity

40-100 units/mg protein

specific activity

≥75 units/mg protein (biuret)

specific activity

40-80 units/mg solid, pH 8.1

mol wt

~128 kDa (by gel filtration)

mol wt

-

mol wt

-

mol wt

~76 kDa (gel filtration)

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

composition

Protein, ≥60% biuret

composition

Protein, ≥50% biuret

composition

-

composition

-

Application

This enzyme is useful for enzymatic determination of glycerol and triglyceride when coupled with glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (=G-3-P DH, G3D-301), glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase (=G-3-P oxidase, G3O-301, G3O-311, G3O-321) or pyruvate kinase (PYK-301) and lactate dehydrogenase (LCD-209, LCD-211), lipoprotein lipase (LPL-311, LPL-314) in clinical analysis.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol kinase catalyzes tge MgATP-dependent phosphorylation of glycerol to produce sn-glycerol-3-phosphate and is the rate limiting enzyme in the utilization of glycerol. It is also subject to feedback regulation by fructose-1,6-bisphosphate.

Physical properties

Isoelectric point : 4.2
Michaelis constants : 4.4 x 10-5M (Glycerol), 4.3 x 10-4M (ATP)
Inhibitors : p-Chloromercuribenzoate, heavy metal ions (Pb++, Fe++, Hg++, Ag+)
Optimum pH : 9.8 (G-3-PDH system), 7.8 (G-3-P oxidase system) Optimum temperature : 500C
pH Stability : pH 5.5 x 10.0 (25oC, 20hr)
Thermal stability : below 40oC (pH 7.5, 15min)
Substrate specificity : This enzyme catalyzes the stereospecific transfer of the terminal
phosphoryl moiety of ATP to one of the primary hydroxyl group of
glycerol, forming sn-glycerol-3-P. The enzyme has the highest
specificity for glycerol, and also phosphorylates dihydroxyacetone
and glyceraldehyde (Table 1,2). Mg++ is essentially required for the
reaction.

Unit Definition

One unit will convert 1.0 μmole of glycerol and ATP to L-α-glycerophosphate and ADP per min at pH 9.8 at 25 °C in a coupled system with PK/LDH.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing phosphate buffer salts and sodium gluconate

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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The femtosecond laser ablation in biological tissue produces highly fluorescent compounds that are of great significance for intrinsically labelling ablated tissue in vivo and achieving imaging-guided laser microsurgery. In this study, we analyzed the molecular structures of femtosecond laser-ablated tissues
N Zwaig et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 153(3737), 755-757 (1966-08-12)
Fructose-1 ,6-diphosphate is a feedback inhibitor of the catabolic enzyme, glycerol kinase, in Escherichia coli. A mutant was isolated which produced a desensitized enzyme. Glucose was no longer as effective in preventing the utilization of exogenous glycerol by cells which
Purification and properties of glycerol kinase from Escherichia coli.
S I Hayashi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 242(5), 1030-1035 (1967-03-10)
N Zwaig et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 102(3), 753-759 (1970-06-01)
The activity of glycerol kinase is rate-limiting in the metabolism of glycerol by cells of Escherichia coli. A mutant strain producing a glycerol kinase resistant to inhibition by fructose-1,6-diphosphate grows faster than its wild-type parent on glycerol as the sole

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