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P8375

Sigma-Aldrich

Peroxidase from horseradish

Type VI, essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder, ≥250 units/mg solid (using pyrogallol)

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Synonym(s):
Detection Enzyme, HRP, Peroxidase, Donor:hydrogen-peroxide oxidoreductase, Horseradish peroxidase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160410
NACRES:
NA.54

type

Type VI

Quality Level

form

essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder

specific activity

≥250 units/mg solid (using pyrogallol)

mol wt

~44 kDa

solubility

0.1 M phosphate buffer: soluble 10 mg/mL, clear, orange to red (pH 6.0)

absorbance ratio

RZ 2.5-4.0

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing

storage temp.

2-8°C

InChI

1S/H2O3/c1-3-2/h1-2H

InChI key

JSPLKZUTYZBBKA-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
P6782P8250P8415
specific activity

≥250 units/mg solid (using pyrogallol)

specific activity

≥250 units/mg solid (using pyrogallol), 950-2000 units/mg solid (using ABTS)

specific activity

150-250 units/mg solid (using pyrogallol)

specific activity

≥250 units/mg solid (using pyrogallol)

mol wt

~44 kDa

mol wt

~44 kDa

mol wt

~44 kDa

mol wt

~44 kDa

solubility

0.1 M phosphate buffer: soluble 10 mg/mL, clear, orange to red (pH 6.0)

solubility

0.1 M phosphate buffer: soluble 10 mg/mL, clear, orange to red (pH 6.0), H2O: soluble

solubility

0.1 M phosphate buffer: soluble (pH 6.0), H2O: soluble

solubility

0.1 M phosphate buffer: soluble (pH 6.0), H2O: soluble

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing

application(s)

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

General description

Horseradish peroxidase is isolated from horseradish roots (Amoracia rusticana) and belongs to the ferroprotoporphyrin group of peroxidases. HRP is a single chain polypeptide containing four disulfide bridges. It is a glycoprotein containing 18% carbohydrate. The carbohydrate composition consists of galactose, arabinose, xylose, fucose, mannose, mannosamine, and galactosamine depending upon the specific isozyme. Its molecular weight (~44 kDa) includes the polypeptide chain (33,890 Daltons), hemin plus Ca2+ (~700 Daltons), and carbohydrate (~9,400 Daltons). At least seven isozymes of HRP exist. The isoelectric point for horseradish peroxidase isozymes ranges from 3.0 - 9.0.

Application

Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is isolated from horseradish roots (Amoracia rusticana) and belongs to the ferroprotoporphyrin group of peroxidases.. It is used in biochemistry applications such as western blots, ELISA and Immunohistochemistry. Horseradish peroxidase is used to amplify a weak signal and increase detectability of a target molecule, such as a protein. Product P8375, type VI, is an essentially salt free lyophilized powder. It is commonly used to determine amounts of glucose and peroxides in solution. It has been used to study sensory input of cervical spinal cord neurons.
The enzyme has been used to develop a thermostable soybean peroxidase-based biosensor by cross-linking and electrically ′wiring′ the enzyme through a redox-conducting hydrogel to a glassy carbon electrode. It has also been used to assay the oxidation of low density lipoprotein.

Biochem/physiol Actions

HRP readily combines with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the resultant [HRP-H2O2] complex can oxidize a wide variety of hydrogen donors. The optimal pH is 6.0-6.5 and the enzyme is most stable in the pH range of 5.0-9.0. HRP can be conjugated to antibodies by several different methods including glutaraldehyde, periodate oxidation, through disulfide bonds, and also via amino and thiol directed cross-linkers. It is smaller and more stable than the enzyme labels β-galactosidase and alkaline phosphatase and hence, it is the most desired label. Also, its glycosylation leads to lower non-specific binding.
When incubated with a substrate, horseradish peroxidase produces a coloured, fluorimetric, or luminescent derivative of the labeled molecule, allowing quantification. Horseradish peroxidase has been shown to slightly reduce the level of inhibition in a cydAB mutant. Known inhibitors are sodium azide, cyanide, L-cystine, dichromate, ethylenethiourea, hydroxylamine, sulfide, vanadate, p-aminobenzoic acid, and Cd2+, Co2+, Cu2+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Ni2+, and Pb2+ ions.

Unit Definition

One pyrogallol unit will form 1.0 mg purpurogallin from pyrogallol in 20 sec at pH 6.0 at 20 °C.

Analysis Note

The RZ (Reinheitszahl) is the absorbance ratio A403/A275 determined at 0.5-1.0 mg/ml in deionized water. It is a measure of hemin content, not enzymatic activity. Even preparations with high RZ may have low enzymatic activity.

Other Notes

View more information on peroxidase at www.sigma-aldrich.com/enzymeexplorer.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Protocols

Spectrophotometric Determination of Reinheitszahl (RZ) for Peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.7)

Reinheitszahl (RZ) is the ratio of absorbance due to hemin (A403, Soret region) to absorbance due to protein (A275).

Enzymatic Assay of Peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.7) 2,2'-Azino-bis(3-Ethylbenzthiazoline-6-Sulfonic Acid) as a Substrate

To standardize a procedure for the assay of Peroxidase using 2,2'-Azino-bis(3-Ethylbenzthiazoline-6-Sulfonic Acid) as a substrate.

Enzymatic Assay of Peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.7)

This procedure is for the determination of Peroxidase enzymatic activity using Pyrogallol as the substrate.

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