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H5884

Sigma-Aldrich

22(S)-Hydroxycholesterol

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Synonym(s):
22β-Hydroxycholesterol, 5-Cholestene-3β,22(S)-diol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C27H46O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
402.65
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

assay

≥98% (TLC)

Quality Level

form

powder

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

[H][C@@]12[C@]([C@](CC[C@H](O)C3)(C)C3=CC2)([H])CC[C@@]4(C)[C@@]1([H])CC[C@]4([H])[C@]([H])(C)[C@@H](O)CCC(C)C

InChI

1S/C27H46O2/c1-17(2)6-11-25(29)18(3)22-9-10-23-21-8-7-19-16-20(28)12-14-26(19,4)24(21)13-15-27(22,23)5/h7,17-18,20-25,28-29H,6,8-16H2,1-5H3/t18-,20-,21-,22+,23-,24-,25-,26-,27+/m0/s1

InChI key

RZPAXNJLEKLXNO-QUOSNDFLSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
H9384H6891H1015
22(S)-Hydroxycholesterol

H5884

22(S)-Hydroxycholesterol

22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol ≥98%

H9384

22(R)-Hydroxycholesterol

7β-Hydroxycholesterol ≥95%

H6891

7β-Hydroxycholesterol

25-Hydroxycholesterol ≥98%

H1015

25-Hydroxycholesterol

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

room temp

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

Application

Human hepatoma cells were treated with 22(S)-Hydroxycholesterol to study cholesterol modulation by liver X receptor-mediated gene regulation.

Biochem/physiol Actions

22(S)-Hydroxycholesterol modulates the lipid and glucose metabolism by acting on liver X receptors. It has the potential to reduce lipogenesis and the accumulation of lipid in hepatocytes, myotubes and non-adipose tissue.

Preparation Note

22(S)-Hydroxycholesterol yields clear, colorless solution in chloroform at 20 mg/ml.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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E T Kase et al.
Diabetologia, 50(10), 2171-2180 (2007-07-31)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) play important roles in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate effects of the endogenous LXR agonist 22-R-hydroxycholesterol (22-R-HC) and its stereoisomer 22-S-hydroxycholesterol (22-S-HC), in comparison with the synthetic agonist
Eili Tranheim Kase et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1761(12), 1515-1522 (2006-10-24)
The nuclear liver X receptors (LXRalpha and beta) are regulators of lipid and cholesterol metabolism. Oxysterols are known LXR ligands, but the functional role of hydroxycholesterols is at present unknown. In human myotubes, chronic exposure to the LXR ligand T0901317
K Hanley et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 114(3), 545-553 (2000-02-26)
Ligands and activators of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily are important in the regulation of epidermal development and differentiation. Previously, we showed that naturally occurring fatty acids, as well as synthetic ligands for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor, induce keratinocyte differentiation
B A Laffitte et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 21(22), 7558-7568 (2001-10-18)
Previous work has implicated the nuclear receptors liver X receptor alpha (LXR alpha) and LXR beta in the regulation of macrophage gene expression in response to oxidized lipids. Macrophage lipid loading leads to ligand activation of LXRs and to induction
Lourdes Cruz-Garcia et al.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology, 160(2), 125-136 (2011-06-04)
The liver X receptor (LXR) has recently been described in salmonids. In mammals, this receptor is already known as a transcriptional factor that regulates diverse aspects of cholesterol, fatty acid and carbohydrate metabolism in various tissues, including muscle. Here we

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