MilliporeSigma
All Photos(1)

Documents

SML1648

Sigma-Aldrich

24(S)-Hydroxycholesterol

≥98% (HPLC)

Sign Into View Organizational & Contract Pricing

Synonym(s):
24S-Hydroxycholesterol, 5-Cholesten-3β,24(S)-diol, Cerebrosterin, Cerebrosterol, Cholest-5-ene-3β,24-diol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C27H46O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
402.65
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

optical activity

[α]/D -45 to -52°, c = 1 in chloroform-d

storage condition

desiccated

color

white to beige

solubility

DMSO: 3 mg/mL, clear (warmed)

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI

1S/C27H46O2/c1-17(2)25(29)11-6-18(3)22-9-10-23-21-8-7-19-16-20(28)12-14-26(19,4)24(21)13-15-27(22,23)5/h7,17-18,20-25,28-29H,6,8-16H2,1-5H3/t18-,20+,21+,22-,23+,24+,25+,26+,27-/m1/s1

InChI key

IOWMKBFJCNLRTC-XWXSNNQWSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Compare Similar Items

View Full Comparison

Show Differences

1 of 4

This Item
H5884H1015H6891
Sigma-Aldrich

SML1648

24(S)-Hydroxycholesterol

22(S)-Hydroxycholesterol

H5884

22(S)-Hydroxycholesterol

25-Hydroxycholesterol ≥98%

H1015

25-Hydroxycholesterol

7β-Hydroxycholesterol ≥95%

H6891

7β-Hydroxycholesterol

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

≥98% (TLC)

assay

≥98%

assay

≥95%

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

200

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

room temp

storage temp.

room temp

solubility

DMSO: 3 mg/mL, clear (warmed)

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

-

storage condition

desiccated

storage condition

-

storage condition

-

storage condition

-

Biochem/physiol Actions

24(S)-Hydroxycholesterol is the major brain metabolite formed from cholesterol in the brain and is important for brain cholesterol homeostasis in addition to being an an endogenous agonist of the nuclear liver X receptors (LXRs). Impairment of brain cholesterol metabolism has been associated with several neurodegenerative diseases, including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer′s, and Huntington diseases. The exact role role of 24(S)-Hydroxycholesterol is unclear, and it may have differing effects depending on concentration. Low concentrations can protect neuronal cells against oxidative stress, while high concentrations induce necroptosis-like neuronal cell death. 24(S)-Hydroxycholesterol has also been found to be a potent allosteric modulator of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors, potentiating NMDAR-mediated EPSCs in rat hippocampal neurons with an EC50 of 1.2 μM.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


Certificates of Analysis (COA)

Search for Certificates of Analysis (COA) by entering the products Lot/Batch Number. Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product’s label following the words ‘Lot’ or ‘Batch’.

Already Own This Product?

Documents related to the products that you have purchased in the past have been gathered in the Document Library for your convenience.

Visit the Document Library

Difficulty Finding Your Product Or Lot/Batch Number?

Product numbers are combined with Pack Sizes/Quantity when displayed on the website (example: T1503-25G). Please make sure you enter ONLY the product number in the Product Number field (example: T1503).

Example:

T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

Additional examples:

705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

enter as 1.000309185)

Having trouble? Feel free to contact Technical Service for assistance.

Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

Aldrich Products

  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as 05427ES-021, enter it as 05427ES (without the filling-code '-021').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as STBB0728K9, enter it as STBB0728 without the filling-code 'K9'.

Not Finding What You Are Looking For?

In some cases, a COA may not be available online. If your search was unable to find the COA you can request one.

Request COA

Genta Kakiyama et al.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 189, 36-47 (2019-02-03)
The aim of this paper was to more completely study the mitochondrial CYP27A1 initiated acidic pathway of cholesterol metabolism. The mitochondrial CYP27A1 initiated pathway of cholesterol metabolism (acidic pathway) is known to synthesize two well-described vital regulators of cholesterol/lipid homeostasis
Steven M Paul et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(44), 17290-17300 (2013-11-01)
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are glutamate-gated ion channels that are critical to the regulation of excitatory synaptic function in the CNS. NMDARs govern experience-dependent synaptic plasticity and have been implicated in the pathophysiology of various neuropsychiatric disorders including the cognitive deficits
Elza Fonseca et al.
Genome biology and evolution, 9(1), 222-230 (2017-01-07)
Nuclear receptors (NRs) regulate numerous aspects of the endocrine system. They mediate endogenous and exogenous cues, ensuring a homeostatic control of development and metabolism. Gene duplication, loss and mutation have shaped the repertoire and function of NRs in metazoans. Here
Xiaofei Wei et al.
Neuropharmacology, 148, 11-20 (2018-12-31)
24S-hydroxycholesterol (24HC) is the major metabolic breakdown product of cholesterol in the brain. Among its other effects on neurons, 24HC modulates N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA or GluN) receptors, but our understanding of this mechanism is poor. We used whole-cell patch clamp recordings
Paola Gamba et al.
Aging cell, 13(3), 561-572 (2014-03-13)
An abnormal accumulation of cholesterol oxidation products in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) would further link an impaired cholesterol metabolism in the pathogenesis of the disease. The first evidence stemming from the content of oxysterols in autopsy

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service