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P8833

Sigma-Aldrich

Puromycin dihydrochloride from Streptomyces alboniger

greener alternative

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

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Synonym(s):
3′-[α-Amino-p-methoxyhydrocinnamamido]-3′-deoxy-N,N-dimethyladenosine dihydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H29N7O5 · 2HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
544.43
Beilstein:
3853613
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

biological source

Streptomyces alboniger

Quality Level

product line

BioReagent

Assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

mol wt

544.43 g/mol

packaging

pkg of 10 mg
pkg of 100 mg
pkg of 25 mg

greener alternative product score

old score: 88
new score: 79
Find out more about DOZN™ Scoring

greener alternative product characteristics

Atom Economy
Design for Energy Efficiency
Use of Renewable Feedstocks
Design for Degradation
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

color

yellow-white

solubility

H2O: soluble 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

UniProt accession no.

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-positive bacteria
neoplastics
parasites

application(s)

agriculture

greener alternative category

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

Cl.Cl.COc1ccc(C[C@H](N)C(=O)N[C@H]2[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O[C@@H]2CO)n3cnc4c(ncnc34)N(C)C)cc1

InChI

1S/C22H29N7O5.2ClH/c1-28(2)19-17-20(25-10-24-19)29(11-26-17)22-18(31)16(15(9-30)34-22)27-21(32)14(23)8-12-4-6-13(33-3)7-5-12;;/h4-7,10-11,14-16,18,22,30-31H,8-9,23H2,1-3H3,(H,27,32);2*1H/t14-,15+,16+,18+,22+;;/m0../s1

InChI key

MKSVFGKWZLUTTO-FZFAUISWSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
P7255P9620P7130
product line

BioReagent

product line

-

product line

-

product line

-

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

assay

>98% (HPLC)

assay

-

form

powder

form

powder

form

solution

form

powder

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

-

color

yellow-white

color

-

color

colorless to yellow

color

-

General description

Chemical structure: peptidyl nucleoside
Puromycin is a broad spectrum antibiotic produced by Streptomyces alboniger. It is an analog of the 3′ end of aminoacyl-tRNA. It is an inhibitor of peptidyl transferase and is active in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one of the four categories of Greener Alternatives . This product belongs to category of Re-engineered products, showing key improvements in Green Chemistry Principles “Atom Economy”, “Design for Energy Efficiency”, “Use of Renewable Feedstock” and “Design for Degradation”. Click here to view its DOZN scorecard.

Application

Puromycin dihydrochloride from Streptomyces alboniger has been used:
  • in the preparation of puromycin stock solution for puromycin sensitivity assay.
  • to select lentivirus-infected cells containing puromycin resistant selection marker.
Puromycin dihydrochloride is a part of the amino-nucleoside family of antibiotics and is derived from Streptomyces alboniger. It is a broad spectrum antibiotic with antitumor activity, as an inhibitor of protein synthesis and has been used to study transcription regulatory mechanisms that control the sequential and coordinate expression of genes during cell differentiation. The recommended working concentration in eukaryotic cell culture is 1-10 μg/mL.
Used as a selective agent for cells that contain the resistance gene puromycin N-acetyl-transferase (PAC). Recommended for use at a range of 1-10 μg/ml. Sterilize stock solution by filtration using 0.22 μm filter then store in aliquots at −20 °C.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Puromycin associates in a non-specific manner with growing polypeptide chains, and thus, leads to premature termination of translation. It inhibits protein synthesis in two ways. It associates with the donor substrate, peptidyl-tRNA, in the P site and thus, functions as an acceptor substrate. Second, it competes with aminoacyl tRNA to bind with the A′ site within the peptidyl transferase center.
Mode of Action: Puromycin inhibits protein synthesis by causing premature chain termination acting as an analog of the 3′-terminal end of the aminoacyl-tRNA.

Mode of Resistance: Puromycin acetyltransferase is an effective resistance gene.

Antimicrobial Spectrum: This product is active against gram-positive microorganisms, less active against acid-fast bacilli and more weakly active against gram-negative microorganisms. Puromycin can prevent growth of bacteria, protozoa, algae and mammalian cells and acts quickly, killing 99% of cells within 2 days.

Caution

As supplied, this product remains active for four years when stored at -20°C.

Preparation Note

This product is soluble in water at 50 mg/mL. A stock solution should be prepared by filtration using a 0.22 μm filter and then stored in aliquots at -20°C. This product is also soluble in methanol at 10 mg/mL.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.Keep in a dry place

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Customers Also Viewed

Slide 1 of 3

1 of 3

E Miyamoto-Sato et al.
Nucleic acids research, 28(5), 1176-1182 (2000-02-10)
Puromycin, an analog of the 3' end of aminoacyl-tRNA, causes premature termination of translation by being linked non-specifically to growing polypeptide chains. Here we report the interesting phenomenon that puromycin acting as a non-inhibitor at very low concentration (e.g. 0.04
Hansjörg Schwertz et al.
Blood, 115(18), 3801-3809 (2010-01-21)
Platelets are classified as terminally differentiated cells that are incapable of cellular division. However, we observe that anucleate human platelets, either maintained in suspension culture or captured in microdrops, give rise to new cell bodies packed with respiring mitochondria and
Heterocyclic analogs of nucleosides: synthesis and biological evaluation of novel analogs of puromycin.
Hultin P G and Walter A S
Canadian Journal of Chemistry, 72(9), 1978-1989 (1994)
Satoshi Watanabe et al.
Biology of reproduction, 72(2), 309-315 (2004-09-24)
Puromycin N-acetyl transferase gene (pac), of which the gene product catalyzes antibiotic puromycin (an effective inhibitor of protein synthesis), has been widely used as a dominant selection marker in embryonic stem (ES) cell-mediated transgenesis. The present study is the first
Shingo Ueno et al.
Journal of biotechnology, 162(2-3), 299-302 (2012-09-25)
cDNA display using a puromycin-linker to covalently bridge a protein and its coding cDNA is a stable and efficient in vitro protein selection method. The optimal design of the often-used puromycin-linker is vital for effective selection. In this report, an

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