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SBR00030

Sigma-Aldrich

Short Chain Fatty Acid Kit

0.2μM filtered

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Synonym(s):
Sodium acetate, Sodium propionate, and Sodium butyrate

Quality Level

lipid type

saturated FAs

storage temp.

−20°C

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SBR00035SBR00034MAK156
vibrant-m

SBR00030

Short Chain Fatty Acid Kit

vibrant-m

MAK156

Fatty Acid Uptake Kit

lipid type

saturated FAs

lipid type

saturated FAs

lipid type

saturated FAs

lipid type

-

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

General description

Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are saturated fatty acids with less than 6 carbons. SCFAs are produced in the gut by microbial fermentation of dietary fibers.(1) The most important and researched SCFAs are Acetate (Ac), propionate (Pr) and butyrate (Bu).(2) SCFAs are predominantly found in the colon and cross the intestinal epithelium to the blood stream. SCFAs were found to be beneficial and effective in prevention of obesity, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance.(3,4)

Application

SCFAs can serve in various applications including in vitro and in vivo administration to study the effect on immune system activation(5), protect epithelial cells from LPS penetration by tight junction formation induction(6), effect insulin secretion(7) and more. In these studies, SCFAs were administrated in vitro at the following concentration range Acetate 1-10mM, propionate and butyrate 0.1-1mM and in vivo Acetate, 70 mM; propionate, 30 mM; butyrate, 20 mM.
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) have diverse roles in various metabolic processes, and their measurement through metabolomics can provide valuable insights into several applications.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Role
  • Regulate metabolism in the gut
  • Indicators of gut health and inflammation
  • Associated with gastrointestinal diseases such as IBS and other conditions such as obesity, colonic carcinogenesis, insulin sensitivity and ischemic stroke

Features and Benefits

  • High-quality chemical, suitable for mulitple research applications
  • Commonly employed in Metabolomics and Biochemical studies

Other Notes

For additional information on our range of Biochemicals, please complete this form.

Storage Class

10 - Combustible liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1


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Myunghoo Kim et al.
Cell host & microbe, 20(2), 202-214 (2016-08-02)
Antibody production is a metabolically demanding process that is regulated by gut microbiota, but the microbial products supporting B cell responses remain incompletely identified. We report that short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), produced by gut microbiota as fermentation products of dietary
Hui Yan et al.
PloS one, 12(6), e0179586-e0179586 (2017-06-28)
The intestinal epithelial barrier, composed of epithelial cells, tight junction proteins and intestinal secretions, prevents passage of luminal substances and antigens through the paracellular space. Dysfunction of the intestinal barrier integrity induced by toxins and pathogens is associated with a
J H Cummings et al.
Gut, 28(10), 1221-1227 (1987-10-01)
Evidence for the occurrence of microbial breakdown of carbohydrate in the human colon has been sought by measuring short chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations in the contents of all regions of the large intestine and in portal, hepatic and peripheral
Emanuel E Canfora et al.
Nature reviews. Endocrinology, 15(5), 261-273 (2019-01-24)
Evidence is accumulating that the gut microbiome is involved in the aetiology of obesity and obesity-related complications such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The gut microbiota is able to ferment indigestible
Ara Koh et al.
Cell, 165(6), 1332-1345 (2016-06-04)
A compelling set of links between the composition of the gut microbiota, the host diet, and host physiology has emerged. Do these links reflect cause-and-effect relationships, and what might be their mechanistic basis? A growing body of work implicates microbially

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