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T7326

Sigma-Aldrich

Thrombin from bovine plasma

≥60 NIH units/mg protein (biuret)

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Synonym(s):
Factor IIa
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.54

form

lyophilized powder

Quality Level

specific activity

≥60 NIH units/mg protein (biuret)

composition

Protein, ≥50%

storage temp.

−20°C

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1 of 4

This Item
T4648SRE0003T7572
vibrant-m

T7326

Thrombin from bovine plasma

vibrant-m

T4648

Thrombin from bovine plasma

vibrant-m

SRE0003

Thrombin from bovine plasma

vibrant-m

T7572

Thrombin from human plasma

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

powder

form

lyophilized powder

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

400

Quality Level

200

composition

Protein, ≥50%

composition

Protein, 40-60%

composition

-

composition

-

General description

Thrombin is the final coagulation protease in regard to hemostasis, promoting both procoagulant and anticoagulant effects. Thrombin comprises of A-chain and B-chain with the catalytic pocket. The C-terminal regions has a fibrinogen recognition site (FRS) and a heparin binding site (HBS). The main function of thrombin is cleavage of fibrinogen to fibrin. It coordinates the coagulation cascade and coordinates with protease-activated receptors (PARs) to regulate physiological functions. High levels of thrombin causes neurotoxicity in dopaminergic neurons and contribute to the progression of parkinsons disease. Altered thrombin levels modulates coagulation pathway in multiple sclerosis. Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) show elevated levels of thrombin.

Application

Thrombin from bovine plasma may be used:
  • for the generation of fibrin from fibrinogen embedded in microbubbles
  • for the cleavage of hydrogenase maturation protein (HypF-N) from the nickel resin

as revitalization model to mimic blood fabrication in root canal
Thrombin is used for site specific cleavage of recombinant fusion proteins containing an accessible thrombin recognition site for removal of affinity tags. Thrombin has been used in a study to evaluate coagulation abnormalities in acute liver failure.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Serine protease that selectively cleaves Arg-Gly bonds in fibrinogen to form fibrin and fibrinopeptides A and B.

Unit Definition

Activity is expressed in NIH units obtained by direct comparison to a NIH thrombin reference standard.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing sodium chloride and Tris-HCl, pH 7.0

Preparation Note

Traditional thrombin products are activated with bovine brain thromboplastin, whereas T7326 is activated with bovine lung thromboplastin and does not contain any bovine brain products in its preparation.

Analysis Note

Activity is expressed in NIH units obtained by direct comparison to a NIH Thrombin Reference Standard, Lot K.
The NIH assay procedure uses 0.2 mL of diluted plasma (1:1 with saline) as a substrate and 0.1 mL of thrombin sample (stabilized in a 1% buffered albumin solution) based on a modification of the method of Biggs. Only clotting times in the range of 15-25 seconds are used for determining thrombin concentrations.

Other Notes

View more information on thrombin at www.sigma-aldrich.com/enzymeexplorer.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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