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Z4250

Sigma-Aldrich

Zymosan A from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

for inducing inflamatory response

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Synonym(s):
Yeast Cell Wall
CAS Number:
MDL number:

biological source

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Quality Level

form

powder with small lumps

technique(s)

flow cytometry: suitable
tissue culture: suitable

color

off-white to light brown

storage temp.

2-8°C

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Application

  • in flow cytometry
  • to study its effect on head kidney leukocytes from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Zymosan A from Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used:
  • as a positive control to determine the activation of complement cascade
  • for respiratory burst (RB) assay
  • to assess its effects on performance, immunity, heat shock protein and apoptosis related gene expressions of dairy cows under heat stress (HS)
  • a stimulating agent in Krebs-Ringer phosphate (KRP) medium
  • to induce thermal hyperalgesia in mice

Biochem/physiol Actions

Zymosan is prepared from yeast cell wall and consists of protein-carbohydrate complexes. It is used to induce experimental sterile inflammation. In macrophages, zymosan-induced responses include the induction of proinflammatory cytokines, arachidonate mobilization, protein phosphorylation, and inositol phosphate formation. Zymosan A also raises cyclin D2 levels suggesting a role for the latter in macrophage activation besides proliferation. It potentiates acute liver damage after galactosamine injection suggesting that certain types of nonparenchymal cells other than Kupffer cells are involved in zymosan action. Zymosan A, a 13 beta glucan contributes to the development of organic dust-induced respiratory disease.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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