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Anti-VGluT1 Antibody, clone 4O15, ZooMAb® Rabbit Monoclonal

enhanced validationgreener alternative

recombinant, expressed in HEK 293 cells

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Brain-specific Na(+)-dependent inorganic phosphate cotransporter, Solute carrier family 17 member 7, Vesicular glutamate transporter 1

biological source

rabbit (recombinant)

Quality Level


expressed in HEK 293 cells



antibody form

purified antibody

antibody product type

primary antibodies


4O15, monoclonal
recombinant monoclonal


4O15 Clone

product line

ZooMAb® learn more



mol wt

calculated mol wt 61.66 kDa
observed mol wt ~53 kDa

species reactivity

rat, mouse, human


antibody small pack of 25 μL

greener alternative product characteristics

Waste Prevention
Designing Safer Chemicals
Design for Energy Efficiency
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

enhanced validation

recombinant expression
Learn more about Antibody Enhanced Validation


immunofluorescence: suitable using 1:100
immunohistochemistry (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections): suitable using 1:100
western blot: suitable using 1:1,000



UniProt accession no.

greener alternative category

shipped in


storage temp.


target post-translational modification


Gene Information

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biological source

rabbit (recombinant)

biological source


biological source

rabbit (recombinant)

biological source

rabbit (recombinant)

Gene Information

rat ... Slc17a7;Bnpi;Vglut1(116638)

Gene Information

human ... SLC17A6(57084)
rat ... Slc17A6(84487)

Gene Information

rat ... Gria2;Glur2(29627)

Gene Information

human ... GRIA1(2890)
mouse ... Gria1(14799)
rat ... Gria1(50592)

antibody form

purified antibody

antibody form

purified antibody

antibody form

purified antibody

antibody form

purified antibody

species reactivity

rat, mouse, human

species reactivity

rat, mouse, human

species reactivity

mouse, human, rat

species reactivity

human, mouse, rat

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General description

We are committed to bringing you greener alternative products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry.This antibody is Preservative-free, produced without the harm or sacrifice of animals and exceptionally stable to allow for ambient shipping and storage if needed and thus aligns with "Waste Prevention", "Designing Safer Chemicals" and "Design for Energy Efficiency". Click here for more information.
ZooMAb antibodies represent an entirely new generation of recombinant monoclonal antibodies.

Each ZooMAb antibody is manufactured using our proprietary recombinant expression system, purified to homogeneity, and precisely dispensed to produce robust and highly reproducible lot-to-lot consistency. Only top-performing clones are released for use by researchers. Each antibody is validated for high specificity and affinity across multiple applications, including its most commonly used application. ZooMAb antibodies are reliably available and ready to ship when you need them.

Learn more about ZooMAb here.


Clone 4O15 is a ZooMAb rabbit recombinant monoclonal antibody that specifically detects Vesicular glutamate transporter 1. It targets an epitope with in 19 amino acids from the C-terminal cytoplasmic domain.


KLH-conjugated linear peptide corresponding to 19 amino acids from the C-terminal region of rat Vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (VGlut1).


Anti-VGluT1, clone 4O15 ZooMAb, Cat. No. ZRB2374, is a recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody that specifically targets Vesicular Glutamate Transporter 1 (aka Slc17a7 or VGlut1) and has been tested for use in Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), and Western Blotting.
Immunofluorescence Analysis: A 1:100 dilution from a representative lot detected VGluT1 in rat brain and human brain tissue sections.

Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) Analysis: A 1:100 dilution from a representative lot detected VGluT1 in rat brain and human brain tissue sections.

Target description

Vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (UniProt: also known as VGluT1, Brain-specific Na(+)-dependent inorganic phosphate cotransporter, Solute carrier family 17 member 7) is encoded by the Slc17a7 (also known as Bnpi, Vglut1) gene (Gene ID: 116638) in rat. VGluT1 is a multi-pass synaptic vesicle membrane protein that mediates the uptake of glutamate into synaptic vesicles at presynaptic nerve terminals of excitatory neuronal cells. Glutamate transporters mediate glutamate uptake into synaptic vesicles and are driven by a proton electrochemical gradient generated by the vacuolar H+-ATPase. Two isoforms of VGluT1 have been reported that are produced by alternative splicing. VGluT1 is expressed in the cerebellum, cerebral cortex and hippocampus. Expression of isoform VGluT2 increases sharply during the first ten days of postnatal life, and also increases with increasing numbers of rhodopsin cells in the retina. It has been shown that both VGluT1 and VGluT2 are expressed prominently in the adult brain, however, during the first two weeks of postnatal development, VGluT2 expression predominates. VGluT1 expression becomes essential for survival at the time of the developmental switch from VGluT2 to VGLUT1. The VGluT1 knockout mice die at the age when a strong upregulation of VGluT1 through newly emerging VGluT1 synapses as well as a re+D4placement of the previously predominant VGLUT2 isoform in cerebellar, hippocampal, and cortical neurons occurs. This ZooMAb recombinant monoclonal antibody, generated by our propriety technology, offers significantly enhanced specificity, affinity, reproducibility, and stability over conventional monoclonals. (Ref.: Wojcik, SM et al. (2004). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101(18): 7158-7163).

Physical form

Purified recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody IgG, lyophilized in PBS with 5% Trehalose, normal appearance a coarse or translucent resin. Contains no biocide or preservatives, such as azide, or any animal by-products. Larger pack sizes provided as multiples of 25 μL.


30 μg/mL after reconstitution at 25 μL. Please refer to guidance on suggested starting dilutions and/or titers per application and sample type.

Storage and Stability

Recommend storage of lyophilized product at 2-8°C; Before reconstitution, micro-centrifuge vials briefly to spin down material to bottom of the vial; Reconstitute each vial by adding 25 μL of filtered lab grade water or PBS; Reconstituted antibodies can be stored at 2-8°C, or -20°C for long term storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaws.

Legal Information

ZooMAb is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany


Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids




Not applicable


Not applicable

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Jin-Young Yoon et al.
Clinical and translational medicine, 12(7), e954-e954 (2022-07-26)
Mice with deletion of complex I subunit Ndufs4 develop mitochondrial encephalomyopathy resembling Leigh syndrome (LS). The metabolic derangement and underlying mechanisms of cardio-encephalomyopathy in LS remains incompletely understood. We performed echocardiography, electrophysiology, confocal microscopy, metabolic and molecular/morphometric analysis of the
Nastaran Daneshgar et al.
Frontiers in neuroscience, 16, 1068498-1068498 (2023-02-07)
Neuroinflammation is one of the main mechanisms leading to neuronal death and dysfunction in neurodegenerative diseases. The role of microglia as primary mediators of inflammation is unclear in Leigh syndrome (LS) patients. This study aims to elucidate the role of
Nils Briel et al.
Brain pathology (Zurich, Switzerland), 31(4), e12914-e12914 (2020-10-23)
Primary 4-repeat tauopathies with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) like Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) or Corticobasal Degeneration (CBD) show diverse cellular pathology in various brain regions. Besides shared characteristics of neuronal and oligodendroglial cytoplasmic inclusions of accumulated hyperphosphorylated tau protein (pTau)

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