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  • Molecular cloning, characterization, and inhibition studies of the Rv1284 beta-carbonic anhydrase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis with sulfonamides and a sulfamate.

Molecular cloning, characterization, and inhibition studies of the Rv1284 beta-carbonic anhydrase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis with sulfonamides and a sulfamate.

Journal of medicinal chemistry (2009-03-26)
Tomoko Minakuchi, Isao Nishimori, Daniela Vullo, Andrea Scozzafava, Claudiu T Supuran
ABSTRACT

The beta-carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) encoded by the gene Rv1284 (mtCA 1) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis shows appreciable catalytic activity for CO(2) hydration, with a k(cat) of 3.9 x 10(5) s(-1) and a k(cat)/K(m) of 3.7 x 10(7) M(-1) s(-1). A panel of 36 sulfonamides and one sulfamate, some of which are used clinically, were assayed for their effect on mtCA 1 catalytic activity. Most sulfonamides exhibited K(I) values in the range of 1-10 microM, but several derivatives, including sulfanilyl-sulfonamides acetazolamide, methazolamide, dichlorophenamide, dorzolamide, brinzolamide, benzolamide, and the sulfamate topiramate, exhibited submicromolar inhibition (K(I) values of 0.481-0.905 microM). The best inhibitors were 3-bromosulfanilamide and indisulam (K(I) values of 97-186 nM). This study demonstrates that mtCA 1 can be inhibited by sulfonamides and sulfamates and thus has potential for developing antimycobacterial agents with an alternate mechanism of action. This is an important finding to explore further, as many strains exhibit multidrug resistance and extensive multidrug resistance to existing therapeutics.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Sulfanilamide, puriss. p.a., ≥98% (calc. to the dried substance)
Sigma-Aldrich
Saccharin, ≥99%
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4-Sulfamoylbenzoic acid, 97%
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Saccharin, ≥98%
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Sulfanilamide, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
(±)-Sulpiride
Supelco
Sulfanilamide, VETRANAL®, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Toluenesulfonamide, reagent grade, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Toluenesulfonamide, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%