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Manganese-enhanced MRI of minimally gadolinium-enhancing breast tumors.

Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI (2014-03-05)
Tameshwar Ganesh, Reza Bayat Mokhtari, Mosa Alhamami, Herman Yeger, Hai-Ling Margaret Cheng
ABSTRACT

To investigate the potential of manganese (Mn)-enhanced MRI for sensitive detection and delineation of tumors that demonstrate little enhancement on Gd-DTPA. Eighteen nude rats bearing 1 to 2 cm in diameter orthotopic breast tumors (ZR75 and LM2) were imaged on a 3 Tesla (T) clinical scanner. Gd-DTPA was administered intravenously and MnCl2 subcutaneously, both at 0.05 mmol/kg. T1 -weighted imaging and T1 measurements were performed precontrast, 10 min post-Gd-DTPA, and 24 h post-MnCl2 . Tumors were excised and histologically assessed using H&E (composition and necrosis) and CD34 (vascularity). Most tumors (78%) demonstrated little enhancement (< 20% change in R1 ) on Gd-DTPA. MnCl2 administration achieved greater and more uniform enhancement throughout the tumor mass (i.e., not restricted to the tumor periphery), with R1 changing over 20% in 72% of tumors. MnCl2 -induced R1 changes compared with Gd-induced changes were significantly greater in both ZR75 (P < 0.01) and LM2 tumors (P < 0.05). Histology confirmed very low vascularity in both tumor models, and necrotic areas were well delineated only on Mn-enhanced MRI. Mn-enhanced MRI is a promising approach for detection of low-Gd-enhancing tumors.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

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