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Sigma-Aldrich

Vanadium(III) chloride

97%

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Synonym(s):
Vanadium trichloride
Linear Formula:
VCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
157.30
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

Quality Level

Assay

97%

form

powder

reaction suitability

reagent type: catalyst
core: vanadium

density

3 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

battery manufacturing

SMILES string

Cl[V](Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/3ClH.V/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3

InChI key

HQYCOEXWFMFWLR-UHFFFAOYSA-K

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1 of 4

This Item
2218991.12393422371
Vanadium(V) oxide ≥99.6% trace metals basis

Sigma-Aldrich

221899

Vanadium(V) oxide

Vanadium(II) chloride 85%

Sigma-Aldrich

422371

Vanadium(II) chloride

form

powder

form

powder

form

solid

form

powder

density

3 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

3.35 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

3.0 g/cm3 at 20 °C

density

3.09 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

reaction suitability

reagent type: catalyst
core: vanadium

reaction suitability

-

reaction suitability

-

reaction suitability

reagent type: catalyst
core: vanadium

application(s)

battery manufacturing

application(s)

-

application(s)

-

application(s)

battery manufacturing

General description

Vanadium(III) chloride is a crystalline solid with variable oxidation states. It is widely used as a catalyst in organic synthesis, polymerization processes, and redox batteries. It acts as a reducing agent.

Application

Vanadium chloride may be used as a reduction agent to determine nitrates and nitrites in water samples.It may be used in redox flow batteries. Vanadium trichloride catalyses Pinacol coupling reactions of benzaldehyde in water. it also acts as a mild and efficient catalyst for the chemoselective deprotection of acetonides.

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Vanadium(V) oxide

Chiara Pennesi et al.
PloS one, 8(10), e76870-e76870 (2013-11-10)
The use of dried and re-hydrated biomass of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica was investigated as an alternative and -low-cost biomaterial for removal of vanadium(III) and molybdenum(V) from wastewaters. Initial characterisation of this biomaterial identified carboxylic groups on the cuticle as
Vanadium (III) chloride: A mild and efficient catalyst for the chemoselective deprotection of acetonides.
Sabitha G, et al.
J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 238(1), 229-232 (2005)
Xiaoliang Xu et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 70(21), 8594-8596 (2005-10-08)
A catalytic pinacol coupling using water as a solvent was performed by a catalytic amount of vanadium(III) chloride and metallic Al as a co-reductant. A combination forms a binary catalytic system, being in sharp contrast to the reaction in organic
Thanh-Binh Nguyen et al.
Environmental management, 63(4), 455-465 (2018-02-06)
The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of sewage sludge composting using a simple aeration method. Two consecutive composting trials (run A and run B) using Japanese sludge and woodchips (1:1, v/v) were conducted in cubic boxes
Novel vanadium chloride/polyhalide redox flow battery.
Skyllas-Kazacos M
Journal of Power Sources, 124(1), 299-302 (2003)

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