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Poly(propylene glycol)-block-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(propylene glycol)

average Mn ~3,300

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Synonym(s):
Pluronic® 31R1, PPG-PEG-PPG
CAS Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

form

viscous liquid

mol wt

average Mn ~3,300

composition

PEG, 10 wt. %

refractive index

n20/D 1.454

surface tension

34 dyn/cm, 25 °C, 0.1 wt. % in H2O

viscosity

660 cP(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)

transition temp

softening point −25 °C
cloud point 25 °C (1 wt. % aqueous solution)

density

1.018 g/mL at 25 °C

HLB

2.0 - 7.0

InChI

1S/C3H6O.C2H4O/c1-3-2-4-3;1-2-3-1/h3H,2H2,1H3;1-2H2

InChI key

RVGRUAULSDPKGF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
435422542342435406
refractive index

n20/D 1.454

refractive index

n20/D 1.4531

refractive index

-

refractive index

n20/D 1.453

viscosity

660 cP(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)

viscosity

325 cP(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)

viscosity

2,800 cP(77 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)

viscosity

175 cP(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)

transition temp

softening point −25 °C, cloud point 25 °C (1 wt. % aqueous solution)

transition temp

softening point −29 °C, cloud point 15-19 °C (10 wt. % aqueous solution)

transition temp

cloud point >100 °C (1 wt. % aqueous solution), Tm (DSC) 60 °C (at peak)

transition temp

softening point −32 °C, cloud point 37 °C (1 wt. % aqueous solution)

density

1.018 g/mL at 25 °C

density

1.006 g/mL at 25 °C

density

-

density

1.018 g/mL at 25 °C

mol wt

average Mn ~3,300

mol wt

average Mn ~2,000

mol wt

average Mn ~14,600

mol wt

average Mn ~1,100

General description

Surface activity of the polymer is dependent on the EO/PO ratio. PPG-PEG-PPG exhibits lower foaming, greater defoaming and reduced gelling tendencies relative to Pluronic® surfactants. Terminal secondary hydroxyl groups of PPG-PEG-PPG have lower reactivity and acidity than the primary hydroxyl groups in Pluronic surfactants.

Application

Hard and soft surface cleaners, defoamers in coatings and water treatment. Lubricant in metal working, anti-foaming aid and extender for linear and cross-linked polyesters and polyurethanes.
PPG-PEG-PPG Pluronic® 31R1 can be used as surface cleaners (soft and hard), defoamers in coatings, in water treatment, lubricant in metal working, anti-foaming aid and extender for linear and cross-linked polyesters and polyurethanes.

Features and Benefits

Surface activity is dependent on the EO/PO ratio. Lower foaming, greater defoaming and reduced gelling tendencies relative to Pluronic® surfactants. Terminal secondary hydroxyl groups have lower reactivity and acidity than the primary hydroxyl groups in Pluronic® surfactants.

Legal Information

Pluronic is a registered trademark of BASF

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable


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Wendell J Lu et al.
Lipids, 47(6), 571-580 (2012-02-03)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are incretins produced in the intestine that play a central role in glucose metabolism and insulin secretion. Circulating concentrations of GLP-1 and GIP are low and can be difficult to assay in
Xijun Zhang et al.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical sciences = Hua zhong ke ji da xue xue bao. Yi xue Ying De wen ban = Huazhong keji daxue xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen ban, 31(6), 842-845 (2011-12-17)
This study examined the effect of P85 (a pluronic block copolymer) and microbubble (MB) ultrasound contrast agents under ultrasound irradiation on gene transfection and expression. The pEGFP plasmids that can encode enhanced green fluorescent protein (pEGFP) served as a report
Tsz Chung Lai et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 99, 27-37 (2011-10-18)
Polyplex particles formed with plasmid DNA (pDNA) and Pluronic P85-block-poly{N-[N-(2-aminoethyl)-2-aminoethyl]aspartamide} (P85-b-P[Asp(DET)]) demonstrated highly effective transfection ability compared to PEG-based block cationomer, PEG-b-P[Asp(DET)]. Ternary polyplexes comprising PEG-b-P[Asp(DET)], poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(propylene oxide)-b-poly(ethylene oxide)-b-P[Asp(DET)] (P(EPE)-b-P[Asp(DET)]) used as an analog of P85-b-P[Asp(DET)], and pDNA were
A N Sklifas et al.
Biofizika, 57(2), 317-324 (2012-05-19)
The adsorption abilities of the perfluorocarbon emulsion stabilized by Proxanol 268 were investigated in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, the saturation point for the blood plasma proteins was nearly reached after five minutes of incubation of the emulsion with
Houjian Gong et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 28(38), 13590-13600 (2012-09-08)
The block polyethers PEO-PPO-ph-PPO-PEO (BPE) and PPO-PEO-ph-PEO-PPO (BEP) are synthesized by anionic polymerization using bisphenol A as initiator. Compared with Pluronic P123, the aggregation behaviors of BPE and BEP at an air/water interface are investigated by the surface tension and

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