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708860

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium hydride

in paraffin

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Synonym(s):
Potassium monohydride
Linear Formula:
KH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
40.11
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

form

solid

reaction suitability

reagent type: reductant

SMILES string

[K]

InChI

1S/K.H

InChI key

NTTOTNSKUYCDAV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
60377215813P1767
Potassium hydride in paraffin

Sigma-Aldrich

708860

Potassium hydride

Potassium hydroxide tested according to Ph. Eur.

Sigma-Aldrich

60377

Potassium hydroxide

Potassium hydride 30 wt % dispersion in mineral oil

Sigma-Aldrich

215813

Potassium hydride

Potassium hydroxide ≥85% KOH basis, pellets, white

Sigma-Aldrich

P1767

Potassium hydroxide

reaction suitability

reagent type: reductant

reaction suitability

-

reaction suitability

reagent type: reductant

reaction suitability

-

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

General description

Potassium hydride is a strong base and hydride donor to Lewis acids. It is generally employed in organic reactions like deprotonation, rearrangement, and elimination reactions. It is also used as a reducing agent to reduce hindered boranes and borates to substituted borohydrides.

Application

Potassium hydride in paraffin can be used as a base in:
  • Wittig reaction of various aldehydes with high Z selectivity.
  • Williamson ether synthesis to prepare substituted ethers from alcohols.
  • Polymerization of ethylene oxide to yield polyethylene glycols.

Physical properties

Melting point of paraffin used to prepare mixture is ~55-65 °C

Pictograms

FlameCorrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Skin Corr. 1B - Water-react 1

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

4.3 - Hazardous materials, which set free flammable gases upon contact with water

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

No data available

Flash Point(C)

No data available


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T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

Additional examples:

705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

enter as 1.000309185)

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Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

Aldrich Products

  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as 05427ES-021, enter it as 05427ES (without the filling-code '-021').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as STBB0728K9, enter it as STBB0728 without the filling-code 'K9'.

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Potassium Hydride
Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, Second Edition (2007)
Synthesis of heterobifunctional polyethylene glycols: Polymerization from functional initiators
Vojkovsky T, et al.
Polymer, 105(27), 72-78 (2016)
Potassium hydride in paraffin: A useful base for organic synthesis.
Taber DF and Nelson CG
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 71(23), 8973-8974 (2006)
Potassium hydride in paraffin: a useful base for Williamson ether synthesis
Huang H, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 51(27), 3545-3546 (2010)
Stefan D Anker et al.
European journal of heart failure, 17(10), 1050-1056 (2015-05-27)
Hyperkalaemia in heart failure patients limits use of cardioprotective renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi). Sodium zirconium cyclosilicate (ZS-9) is a selective potassium ion trap, whose mechanism of action may allow for potassium binding in the upper gastrointestinal tract as early as

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