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16016

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

puriss., ≥99.5% (GC), meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, crystalline (detached)

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Synonym(s):
Hydroxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
94.11
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
969616
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

agency

complies with USP (identity)

Quality Level

vapor density

3.24 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

puriss.

assay

≥99.5% (GC)
99.0-100.5% (calc. on H2O free substance)

form

crystalline (detached)

autoignition temp.

1319 °F

quality

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP

expl. lim.

8.6 %

impurities

acidic reac. Impurities, in accordance
organic volatile impurities, in accordance (GC)
residual solvents, complies
≤0.05% non-volatile matter
≤0.3% water (Karl Fischer)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

transition temp

solidification point ≥40 °C

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

suitability

in accordance for appearance of solution
Citrobacter spp.
Escherichia coli
coliforms

application(s)

food and beverages
water monitoring

SMILES string

Oc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H

InChI key

ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
1601833517185450
vibrant-m

16016

Phenol

vibrant-m

16018

Phenol

vibrant-m

33517

Phenol

vibrant-m

185450

Phenol

assay

≥99.5% (GC), 99.0-100.5% (calc. on H2O free substance)

assay

≥96.0% (calc. on dry substance, T), 88.0-92.0% (alkalimetric)

assay

99.0-100.5%, 99.5-100.5% (GC)

assay

≥99%

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

bp

180-181 °C, 182 °C (lit.)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

form

crystalline (detached)

form

solid, viscous liquid

form

solid

form

crystalline (flakes), crystalline (solid), crystals

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

General description

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed.

Application

Phenol may be employed for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from Bacillus subtilis. It may be used in the Berthelot color reaction for the quantitative estimation of ammonia.

Footnote

We offer two media types: the superior granulated GranuCult® and the cost-efficient powdered NutriSelect® culture media, depending on your needs.
The designations basic, plus, or prime are added to indicate the quality control level, from basic quality control to standard QC plus to prime for full regulatory compliance.

Legal Information

GRANUCULT is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
NutriSelect is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

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Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2

Storage Class

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

177.8 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

81 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P2 (EN 143) respirator cartridges, type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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Tyman JHP.
Synthetic and Natural Phenols., 1-1 (1996)
Phenol-hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia.
Weatherburn M W.
Analytical Chemistry, 39(8), 971-974 (1967)
PREPARATION OF TRANSFORMING DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID BY PHENOL TREATMENT.
H SAITO et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 72, 619-629 (1963-08-20)
Mark J Lee et al.
PLoS pathogens, 11(10), e1005187-e1005187 (2015-10-23)
Of the over 250 Aspergillus species, Aspergillus fumigatus accounts for up to 80% of invasive human infections. A. fumigatus produces galactosaminogalactan (GAG), an exopolysaccharide composed of galactose and N-acetyl-galactosamine (GalNAc) that mediates adherence and is required for full virulence. Less
Thitiporn Anunthawan et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1848(6), 1352-1358 (2015-03-15)
We investigated the mechanisms of two tryptophan-rich antibacterial peptides (KT2 and RT2) obtained in a previous optimization screen for increased killing of both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria pathogens. At their minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs), these peptides completely killed cells of

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