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185450

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

unstabilized, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

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Synonym(s):
Hydroxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
94.11
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
969616
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39023301
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

3.24 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99%

form

crystalline (flakes)
crystalline (solid)
crystals

autoignition temp.

1319 °F

expl. lim.

8.6 %

bp

182 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 84 g/L at 20 °C

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

Oc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H

InChI key

ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... GABRA1(2554)

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1 of 4

This Item
160181601616017
vibrant-m

185450

Phenol

vibrant-m

16018

Phenol

vibrant-m

16016

Phenol

vibrant-m

16017

Phenol

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

solubility

water: soluble 84 g/L at 20 °C

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

-

form

crystalline (flakes), crystals, crystalline (solid)

form

solid, viscous liquid

form

crystalline (detached)

form

solid

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

General description

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed. It can undergo oxidation in the presence of Fentons′ reagent in aqueous solution.

Application

Phenol may be employed in the following studies:
  • Isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from Bacillus subtilis.
  • Berthelot color reaction for the estimation of ammonia.
  • Preparation of phenetole (aromatic ether) and 1,2-dihydroxybenzene (catechol).
  • Synthesis of phenoxyacetic acid.
Phenol may be used in the following processes:
  • As a phase-transfer catalyst in electrolyte solutions of lithium-O2 battery to promote solution phase discharge.
  • Preparation of phenol-sulfuric acid reagent for colorimetric determination of total sugar content.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

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signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2

Storage Class

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

177.8 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

81 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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Carbohydrate analysis by a phenol-sulfuric acid method in microplate format.
Masuko T, et al.
Analytical Biochemistry, 339(1), 69-72 (2005)
Chemical pathway and kinetics of phenol oxidation by Fenton's reagent.
Zazo JA, et al.
Environmental Science & Technology, 39(23), 9295-9302 (2005)
Phenol-Catalyzed Discharge in the Aprotic Lithium-Oxygen Battery.
Gao X, et al.
Angewandte Chemie (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2017)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 812-812 (1994)
Tyman JHP.
Synthetic and Natural Phenols., 67-67 (1996)

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