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27109

Sigma-Aldrich

Citric acid

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, E330, anhydrous, 99.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)

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Linear Formula:
HOC(COOH)(CH2COOH)2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
192.12
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
782061
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39021801
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

assay

99.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)

form

grit

quality

anhydrous
meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, E330

expl. lim.

8 %, 65 °F

impurities

residual solvents, complies
≤0.0005% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.5% water (Karl Fischer)

ign. residue

≤0.05% (as SO4)

pKa 

(1) 3.13, (2) 4.76, (3) 6.4

mp

153-159 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: 383 g/L at 25 °C

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 ppm
oxalate (as oxalic acid): ≤100 ppm
sulfate (SO42-): ≤100 ppm

cation traces

As: ≤1 ppm
Ca: ≤200 ppm
Cu: ≤10 ppm
Fe: ≤10 ppm
Hg: ≤1 ppm
Pb: ≤0.5 ppm
Zn: ≤10 ppm

suitability

complies for appearance of solution
complies for reaction against H2SO4

SMILES string

OC(=O)CC(O)(CC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C6H8O7/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)

InChI key

KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... SRC(6714)

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This Item
7917251.002411.37002
Citric acid meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, E330, anhydrous, 99.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)

27109

Citric acid

Essential Grade
Citric acid anhydrous, free-flowing, Redi-Dri™, ACS reagent, ≥99.5%

791725

Citric acid

-
Citric acid anhydrous powder, EMPROVE® ESSENTIAL, Ph. Eur., BP, JP, USP, FCC, E 330

1.00241

Citric acid

-
Citric acid anhydrous powder, EMPROVE® EXPERT, Ph. Eur., BP, ChP, JP, USP

1.37002

Citric acid

-
Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

500

Quality Level

500

form

grit

form

crystals

form

fine powder

form

fine powder, solid

solubility

water: 383 g/L at 25 °C

solubility

-

solubility

1330 g/L

solubility

water: 1330 g/L at 20 °C

impurities

residual solvents, complies, ≤0.5% water (Karl Fischer), ≤0.0005% heavy metals (as Pb)

impurities

Substances carbonizable by hot sulfuric acid, passes test

impurities

-

impurities

-

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 ppm, sulfate (SO42-): ≤100 ppm, oxalate (as oxalic acid): ≤100 ppm

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%, oxalate (C2O42-): passes test (limit about 0.003%), phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.001%, sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.002%

anion traces

-

anion traces

-

Application

Citric acid was used as a test reagent for studying whether the novel pyridazinylpiperazine analog TPRV-1 inhibitor can reduce cough reflex induced by citric acid and capsaicin in guinea pig.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Citric acid in dietary form can augments absorption of aluminium in antacids. It also facilitates the phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil and can transform cadmium into more transportable forms.

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Citric acid

P Slanina et al.
Clinical chemistry, 32(3), 539-541 (1986-03-01)
Ten healthy men ingested, twice daily between meals, during each of the seven-day experimental periods: (a) citric acid (as lemon juice), (b) Al(OH)3, or (c) Al(OH)3 + citric acid. Whole blood sampled after each dietary period was analyzed electrothermally after
Sum Yee Leung et al.
Cough (London, England), 3, 10-10 (2007-12-25)
Cough reflex can be induced by the pepper extract capsaicin and by low pH in guinea-pig airways. Transient receptor potential vanniloid-1 (TPRV-1) is expressed in the sensory and afferent nerve fibres in airways. We hypothesized that a novel pyridazinylpiperazine analog
Y X Chen et al.
Chemosphere, 50(6), 807-811 (2003-04-12)
Adsorption and hydroponics experiments were conducted to study the role of citric acid on the phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil. The results show that addition of citric acid decreased the adsorption of both lead and cadmium, such an effect
Wayne B Batchelor et al.
Circulation, 106(12), 1470-1476 (2002-09-18)
The relative anti-aggregatory effects of currently prescribed platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonists during and after percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndromes have not been established. We randomized 70 acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention to receive abciximab
Maria José Garcia-Fernandez et al.
Biofouling, 29(3), 261-271 (2013-02-27)
Prevention and management of wound infections receive a lot of attention, since the presence of micro-organisms interferes with the wound-healing process. The aim of this work was to use cyclodextrins (CDs) to endow hydrogels and gauzes with the ability to

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