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C4290

Sigma-Aldrich

Butyrylcholinesterase from equine serum

lyophilized powder, ≥500 units/mg protein

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Synonym(s):
Acylcholine acyl-hydrolase, Choline esterase, butyryl, Pseudocholinesterase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.54

biological source

equine serum

Quality Level

form

lyophilized powder

specific activity

≥500 units/mg protein

composition

Protein, ≥10%

storage temp.

−20°C

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Application

Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) from equine serum has been used:
  • to determine the inhibitory concentration of bupivacaine on butyrylcholinesterase
  • in acetylcholinesterase (AChE)/BChE activity assay to determine the inhibitory activity of benzothiazole-piperazine compounds

Selective inhibition of BChE activity can be used in the detection of organophosphates. Its use in the treatment of organophosphate toxicity shows promise. There is a correlation between the level of BChE in human blood and degree of protection against potentially toxic nerve agents. There has also been interest in the roles of cholinesterases with regard to Alzheimer′s disease. Investigations into selective inhibitors may provide a clearer picture of the physiological role of BChE in both healthy and diseased individuals. The enzyme has been used to test bupivacaine as an inhibitor of butyrylcholinesterase during acetylcholinesterase assay using cerebrospinal fluid.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) is a serine hydrolase that is structurally similar to acetylcholinesterase (AChE), but differs in substrate specificities and inhibitor sensitivities. BChE can, unlike AChE, efficiently hydrolyze larger esters of choline such as butyrylcholine and benzoylcholine. The enzyme is a tetrameric glycoprotein with four equal subunits (110 kDa each). The enzyme is activated by Ca2+ and Mg2+ and the activity is constant over the pH range 6.0-8.0. It is inhibited by Betaine, nicotine, organophosphates, carbamates.

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze 1.0 μmole of butyrylcholine to choline and butyrate per min at pH 8.0 at 37 °C. The activity obtained using butyrylcholine as substrate is ~2.5 times that obtained using acetylcholine.

Physical form

Highly purified, lyophilized powder containing buffer salts

Analysis Note

Protein determined by biuret

pictograms

Health hazard

signalword

Danger

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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