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C5241

Sigma-Aldrich

Cinnamycin

from Streptomyces cinnamoneus, ≥95% (HPLC)

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Synonym(s):
Lanthiopeptin, NSC-71936, Ro 09-0198
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C89H125N25O25S3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
2041.29
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.77

biological source

Streptomyces cinnamoneus

Quality Level

Assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

solid

solubility

DMSO: 10 mg/mL
acetonitrile: water (1:1): 5 mg/mL (requires heating)

antibiotic activity spectrum

fungi

Mode of action

cell membrane | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

InChI

1S/C89H125N25O25S3/c1-43(2)66-84(133)109-59-41-140-40-58-79(128)108-60-42-142-45(4)68(86(135)105-55(75(124)110-66)34-48-22-12-7-13-23-48)111-76(125)54(33-47-20-10-6-11-21-47)104-82(131)61-26-17-31-114(61)65(118)38-98-72(121)53(32-46-18-8-5-9-19-46)103-78(127)57(106-80(60)129)36-95-29-15-14-24-52(87(136)137)102-85(134)67(112-77(126)56(35-63(92)116)99-64(117)37-97-83(132)69(113-81(59)130)70(119)88(138)139)44(3)141-39-49(90)71(120)100-50(25-16-30-96-89(93)94)73(122)101-51(74(123)107-58)27-28-62(91)115/h5-13,18-23,43-45,49-61,66-70,95,119H,14-17,24-42,90H2,1-4H3,(H2,91,115)(H2,92,116)(H,97,132)(H,98,121)(H,99,117)(H,100,120)(H,101,122)(H,102,134)(H,103,127)(H,104,131)(H,105,135)(H,106,129)(H,107,123)(H,108,128)(H,109,133)(H,110,124)(H,111,125)(H,112,126)(H,113,130)(H,136,137)(H,138,139)(H4,93,94,96)/t44-,45?,49+,50+,51+,52+,53+,54+,55+,56+,57+,58+,59+,60+,61+,66+,67?,68+,69+,70-/m1/s1

InChI key

QJDWKBINWOWJNZ-IDGBIKHQSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
C5269PHR1159PHR1021
Sigma-Aldrich

Sigma-Aldrich

C5241

Cinnamycin

Supelco

Supelco

PHR1159

Clindamycin hydrochloride

Clindamycin Phosphate Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

Supelco

PHR1021

Clindamycin Phosphate

form

solid

form

crystalline

form

-

form

-

solubility

DMSO: 10 mg/mL, acetonitrile: water (1:1): 5 mg/mL (requires heating)

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL

solubility

-

solubility

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

-10 to -25°C

storage temp.

-10 to -25°C

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

300

biological source

Streptomyces cinnamoneus

biological source

-

biological source

-

biological source

-

Amino Acid Sequence

Cys-Arg-Gln-Cys-Cys--3-NH2-Ala-Phe-Gly-Pro-Phe-(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-mercaptobutanoyl-Phe-Val-Cys-3-OH-α-Asp-Gly-Asn-(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-mercaptobutanoyl-Lys Disulfide bridges: 1-18, 4-14, 5-11; Lysinoalanine bridge: 6-19

General description

Cinnamycin is synthesized after proteolytic cleavage from core peptide and takes up a compact globular structure.

Application

Cinnamycin has been used in cinnamycin senstivity assay in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cinnamycin based analogs may be useful in treating cystic fibrosis or Clostridium infections.
Cinnamycin is a tetracyclic polypeptide antibiotic containing 19 amino acids. The polypeptide has the unusual amino acids threo-3-methyl-lanthionine, meso-lanthionine, lysinoalanine and 3-hydroxyaspartic acid. It is produced by Streptomyces cinnamoneus and belongs to the duramycin-type l antibiotics. Lantibiotics are synthesized in the ribosome and undergo extensive post-translational modifications to attain their active antimicrobial form. The unique receptor for Cinnamycin, phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), is located on the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane. Cinnamycin induces transbilayer lipid movement leading to the exposure of PE to the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane. The interaction of Cinnamycin with PE provides a tool for PE monitoring. Cinnamycin is active against Gram-positive rods such as Bacilli, Clostyridium and Mycobacterium, causing cell wall biosynthesis stress.
Cinnamycin, like other lantibiotics, was also reported to inhibit phospholipase A2 (PLA2). It was suggested as an alternative treatment for atherosclerosis through its ability to inhibit PLA2 by binding to its substrate PE. Moreover, Cinnamycin was found to inhibit Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) activity.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Customers Also Viewed

Slide 1 of 3

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K Wakamatsu et al.
Biochemistry, 29(1), 113-118 (1990-01-09)
Ro09-0198 is a peptide antibiotic and immunopotentiator produced by Streptoverticillium griseoverticillatum which exhibits antitumor and antimicrobial activities. The chemical structure has been determined [Kessler et al. (1988) Helv. Chim. Acta 71, 1924-1929; Wakamiya et al. (1988) Tetrahedron Lett. 37, 4771-4772].
S Y Choung et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 940(2), 180-187 (1988-05-24)
Ro09-0198 is a cyclic peptide isolated from Streptoverticillium griseoverticillatum. This peptide caused permeability increase and aggregation of liposomes containing phosphatidylethanolamine. Liposomes containing phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylinositol or cardiolipin instead of phosphatidylethanolamine were, however, not appreciably reactive with the peptide. Among the structural
H Kessler et al.
Biopolymers, 32(4), 427-433 (1992-04-01)
The constitution and configuration of Ro 09-0198 (cinnamycin) have been determined in DMSO. Further investigations in aqueous solution, in SDS micelles and in a lipid bilayer have been done to study the influence of different environments on the conformation of
Sophie Chen et al.
Traffic (Copenhagen, Denmark), 7(11), 1503-1517 (2006-09-08)
Drs2p, a P-type adenosine triphosphatase required for a phosphatidylserine (PS) flippase activity in the yeast trans Golgi network (TGN), was first implicated in protein trafficking by a screen for mutations synthetically lethal with arf1 (swa). Here, we show that SWA4
K Emoto et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 93(23), 12867-12872 (1996-11-12)
Ro09-0198 is a tetracyclic polypeptide of 19 amino acids that recognizes strictly the structure of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and forms a tight equimolar complex with PE on biological membranes. Using the cyclic peptide coupled with fluorescence-labeled streptavidin, we have analyzed the

Articles

With bacterial resistance and emerging infectious diseases becoming potential threats to humans, ribosomally synthesized antimicrobial peptides have become a promising focus area in antibiotic research.

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