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G8877

Sigma-Aldrich

Guanosine 5′-triphosphate sodium salt hydrate

≥95% (HPLC), powder

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Synonym(s):
GTP
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C10H16N5O14P3 · xNa+
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
523.18 (free acid basis)
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3585677
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

powder

color

white

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

[Na+].[Na+].[Na+].NC1=Nc2c(ncn2[C@@H]3O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OP([O-])(=O)OP([O-])([O-])=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]3O)C(=O)N1

InChI

1S/C10H16N5O14P3.3Na/c11-10-13-7-4(8(18)14-10)12-2-15(7)9-6(17)5(16)3(27-9)1-26-31(22,23)29-32(24,25)28-30(19,20)21;;;/h2-3,5-6,9,16-17H,1H2,(H,22,23)(H,24,25)(H2,19,20,21)(H3,11,13,14,18);;;/q;3*+1/p-3/t3-,5-,6-,9-;;;/m1.../s1

InChI key

KZRMTEVIDYXWQW-CYCLDIHTSA-K

Gene Information

human ... HRAS(3265)

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Application

Guanosine 5′-triphosphate sodium salt hydrate has been used:
  • in the preparation of horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-modified platination reagents
  • in whole cell, voltage-clamp recordings
  • in in vitro inhibition of transglutaminase (tTG)

Biochem/physiol Actions

GTP functions as a carrier of phosphates and pyrophosphates involved in channeling chemical energy into specific biosynthetic pathways. GTP activates the signal transducing G proteins which are involved in various cellular processes including proliferation, differentiation, and activation of several intracellular kinase cascades. Proliferation and apoptosis are regulated in part by the hydrolysis of GTP by small GTPases Ras and Rho. Another type of small GTPase, Rab, plays a role in the docking and fusion of vesicles and may also be involved in vesicle formation. In addition to its role in signal transduction, GTP also serves as an energy-rich precursor of mononucleotide units in the enzymatic biosynthesis of DNA and RNA.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Cyclic Nucleotide research. Click here to discover more featured Cyclic Nucleotide products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Preparation Note

Prepared by enzymatic phosphorylation of 5′-GMP.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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