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L3129

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli O127:B8

purified by phenol extraction

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Synonym(s):
LPS
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

Escherichia coli (O127:B8)

Quality Level

form

lyophilized powder

purified by

phenol extraction

impurities

<3% Protein (Lowry)

color

white to faint yellow

solubility

water: soluble

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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This Item
L3137L5668L8274
solubility

water: soluble

solubility

water: soluble

solubility

water: soluble

solubility

water: soluble

biological source

Escherichia coli (O127:B8)

biological source

Escherichia coli (O127:B8)

biological source

Escherichia coli (O127:B8)

biological source

Escherichia coli (O26:B6)

impurities

<3% Protein (Lowry)

impurities

<1% Protein

impurities

-

impurities

<3% Protein (Lowry)

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

buffered aqueous solution

form

lyophilized powder

General description

This product is phenol extracted from E. coli serotype O127:B8. The source strain is ATCC 12740. This LPS serotype has been used in the study of septic shock and to induce NOS in murine macrophages and PAF synthesis in rat glomerular masangial cells.

Application

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water (5 mg/ml) or cell culture medium (1 mg/ml) yielding a hazy, faint yellow solution. A more concentrated, though still hazy, solution (20 mg/ml) has been achieved in aqueous saline after vortexing and warming to 70-80 oC. Lipopolysaccharides are molecules that form micelles in every solvent. Hazy solutions are observed in water and phosphate buffered saline. Organic solvents do not give clearer solutions. Methanol yields a turbid suspension with floaters, while water yields a homogeneously hazy solution.

Other Notes

To gain a comprehensive understanding of our extensive range of Lipopolysaccharides for your research, we encourage you to visit our Carbohydrates Category page.

pictograms

Skull and crossbones

signalword

Danger

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral

Storage Class

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Meichun Zeng et al.
Toxicology letters, 271, 26-37 (2017-03-02)
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common clinical disorder that causes substantial health problems worldwide. An excessive inflammatory response is the central feature of ALI, but the mechanism is still unclear, especially the role of endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy.
Bo Wang et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 72, 51-60 (2017-12-03)
Our previous study has reported that the proactive secretion and role of central high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in lipopolysaccharide-induced depressive behavior. Here, the potential mechanism of HMGB1 mediating chronic-stress-induced depression through the kynurenine pathway (KP) was further explored
Micaela Domingues et al.
Frontiers in neuroscience, 12, 486-486 (2018-08-04)
Inasmuch, as the major depressive disorder (MDD) has been characterized as a heterogeneous disease as the inflammatory processes, neurotrophic factors' dysfunction and oxidative/nitrosative stress are believed to play a vital role in its establishment. Organoselenium compounds stand out due to
Geoffroy Laumet et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 43(13), 2597-2605 (2018-07-29)
In humans, depression is often associated with low-grade inflammation, activation of the tryptophan/kynurenine pathway, and mild lymphopenia. Preclinical research confirms that inflammation induces depression-like behavior through activation of the tryptophan/kynurenine pathway. However, the mechanisms governing recovery from depression are unknown.
Marumi Ohno et al.
Shock (Augusta, Ga.), 50(2), 248-254 (2018-07-17)
Co-chaperone cytoplasmic constitutive active/androstane receptor retention protein (CCRP), a member of heat shock protein (HSP) 40, was first characterized to retain a nuclear-destined protein in the cytoplasm. Here we have used CCRP KO mice and demonstrated that CCRP suppresses lipopolysaccharide

Articles

Explore the structure, function, and diverse applications of Lipopolysaccharides. Discover their role in bacteria, serological specificity, and research potential.

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