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M0252

Sigma-Aldrich

Methylglyoxal solution

~40% in H2O

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Synonym(s):
Acetylformaldehyde, Pyruvaldehyde, Pyruvic aldehyde
Linear Formula:
CH3COCHO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
72.06
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
906750
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

form

liquid

Quality Level

concentration

~40% (enzymatic)
~40% in H2O

density

1.17 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)C(C)=O

InChI

1S/C3H4O2/c1-3(5)2-4/h2H,1H3

InChI key

AIJULSRZWUXGPQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Methylglyoxal (MG) is a glucose metabolite, which is linked to peripheral neuropathy and pain in diabetic patients. It enhances intracellular calcium in sensory neurons and produces behavioral nociception. Methylglyoxal has antibacterial property. MG functions as a protein-glycating agent and precursor of advanced glycation end products. It impairs diabetic wound healing.

Application

Methylglyoxal solution has been used:
  • to assess glyoxalase 1 (GLO1) enzymatic activity
  • as an advanced glycation end (AGE) forming agent for the preparation of albumin in vitro
  • to regulate anxiety like behavior in mice
  • to induce peritoneal fibrosis in rats
  • to study the chromatographic retention characteristics of organic chemicals and metal DNA adducts
  • for intraplantar injection in mice to investigate peripheral and central components of methylglyoxal (MG)-transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1)-adenylyl cyclase 1 isoform (AC1) pathway

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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