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PHL89198

Gallic acid

phyproof® Reference Substance

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Synonym(s):
3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid
Linear Formula:
(HO)3C6H2CO2H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
170.12
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
2050274
MDL number:

grade

primary reference standard

product line

phyproof® Reference Substance

assay

≥98.0% (HPLC)

manufacturer/tradename

PhytoLab

mp

251 °C (dec.) (lit.)

application(s)

food and beverages

format

neat

SMILES string

OC(=O)c1cc(O)c(O)c(O)c1

InChI

1S/C7H6O5/c8-4-1-3(7(11)12)2-5(9)6(4)10/h1-2,8-10H,(H,11,12)

Inchi Key

LNTHITQWFMADLM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

This substance is a primary reference substance with assigned absolute purity (considering chromatographic purity, water, residual solvents, inorganic impurities). The exact value can be found on the certificate. Produced by PhytoLab GmbH & Co. KG

Application

  • Antioxidant Activity in plant species: This study highlights Gallic acid′s role in assessing antioxidant activities within various plant species, offering insights into its biochemical potential and applications in enhancing natural product research (Ghorbani et al., 2023).
  • Nutraceutical properties: Discusses Gallic acid′s significance in evaluating the nutraceutical properties of Aegle marmelos, emphasizing its potential in pharmaceutical and food industry applications (Sharma et al., 2022).
  • Phytopharmacological application: Focuses on the phytopharmacological aspects of Gallic acid, exploring its bioactive compounds and their therapeutic applications, particularly in traditional medicine (Ahmad et al., 2021).
  • Anti-inflammatory effects: Investigates the estrogenic and anti-inflammatory effects of Gallic acid-rich extracts, supporting its use in biomedical research focused on hormone-related and inflammatory conditions (Slighoua et al., 2021).
  • Gallic acid as a immunomodulatory agent: Examines Gallic acid′s effectiveness in modulating immune responses in vitro, highlighting its potential as an immunomodulatory agent (Lunic et al., 2020).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Gallic acid is a water soluble phenolic acid present in grapes and in the leaves of many plants. Gallic acid esters, such as tannins, catechin gallates and aliphatic gallates are potent antioxidants in vitro. However, gallic acid itself also appears to have antioxidant, anticarcinogenic and antiangiogenic activity in vitro.

Legal Information

phyproof is a registered trademark of PhytoLab GmbH & Co. KG

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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