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Sigma-Aldrich

Scandium(III) triflate

99%

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Synonym(s):
Sc(OTf)3, Scandium(III) trifluoromethanesulfonate, Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid scandium(III) salt
Linear Formula:
Sc(SO3CF3)3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
492.16
Beilstein:
8510151
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

Assay

99%

form

powder

reaction suitability

core: scandium
reagent type: catalyst

SMILES string

[Sc+3].[O-]S(=O)(=O)C(F)(F)F.[O-]S(=O)(=O)C(F)(F)F.[O-]S(=O)(=O)C(F)(F)F

InChI

1S/3CHF3O3S.Sc/c3*2-1(3,4)8(5,6)7;/h3*(H,5,6,7);/q;;;+3/p-3

InChI key

HZXJVDYQRYYYOR-UHFFFAOYSA-K

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This Item
405329483354307874
Scandium(III) oxide 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis

Sigma-Aldrich

307874

Scandium(III) oxide

form

powder

form

-

form

-

form

powder

reaction suitability

core: scandium, reagent type: catalyst

reaction suitability

core: ytterbium, reagent type: catalyst

reaction suitability

core: scandium, reagent type: catalyst

reaction suitability

core: scandium, reagent type: catalyst

General description

Scandium(III) triflate is an extremely active, efficient, recoverable and reusable acylation catalyst. Its an important catalyst for the Friedel-Crafts acylation, Diels-Alder reactions and other carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions. It also stereochemically catalyzes the radical polymerization of acrylates. Scandium(III) triflate complex of (4′S,5′S)-2,6-bis[4′-(triisopropylsilyl)oxymethyl-5′-phenyl-1′,3′-oxazolin-2′-yl]pyridine has been employed as catalyst for the asymmetric Friedel-Crafts reaction between substituted indoles and methyl (E)-2-oxo-4-aryl-3-butenoates.

Application

Scandium(III) triflate was used as a catalyst in:
  • Hydrothiolation reaction of aromatic and aliphatic thiols.
  • Selective two-electron reduction of O2 by ferrocene derivatives.
  • Vinylogous Friedel-Crafts alkylation of indoles and pyrroles in water.
  • Synthesis of β-cyanoketones.
  • Combination with triethylsilane to reductively open functionalized pyranoside rings.
  • The key steps of synthesis of bullvalone via a stabilized sulfur ylide.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Okamoto, Y., et al.
Macromolecular Symposia, 183, 83-83 (2002)
Alex R Lippert et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128(46), 14738-14739 (2006-11-16)
Oligosubstituted bullvalones were synthesized in eight steps from 2,6-cycloheptadienone via a unique Lewis acid catalyzed intramolecular cyclopropanation of a stabilized sulfur ylide, leading directly to the tetracyclic cage structure. Upon exposure to base, the substituted bullvalones tautomerized to a hydroxybullvalene
Saya Kakuda et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137(9), 3330-3337 (2015-02-11)
Mononuclear copper complexes, [(tmpa)Cu(II)(CH3CN)](ClO4)2 (1, tmpa = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) and [(BzQ)Cu(II)(H2O)2](ClO4)2 (2, BzQ = bis(2-quinolinylmethyl)benzylamine)], act as efficient catalysts for the selective two-electron reduction of O2 by ferrocene derivatives in the presence of scandium triflate (Sc(OTf)3) in acetone, whereas 1 catalyzes
Kazuaki Ishihara et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 61(14), 4560-4567 (1996-07-12)
Scandium trifluoromethanesulfonate (triflate), which is commercially available, is a practical and useful Lewis acid catalyst for acylation of alcohols with acid anhydrides or the esterification of alcohols by carboxylic acids in the presence of p-nitrobenzoic anhydrides. The remarkably high catalytic
Krzysztof Kuciński et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 21(13), 4940-4943 (2015-02-18)
The first use of a Lewis acid catalyst in the addition reaction of both aromatic and aliphatic thiols to unsaturated organosilicon compounds is reported. In catalytic tests, scandium(III) triflate demonstrates high catalytic activity in this process. Under mild conditions (25 °C

Articles

The Friedel–Crafts acylation is the reaction of an arene with acyl chlorides or anhydrides using a strong Lewis acid catalyst. This reaction proceeds via electrophilic aromatic substitution to form monoacylated products.

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