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400050

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Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp., Cell Culture-Tested

Unique aminoglycoside antibiotic that inhibits the growth of prokaryotic (bacteria) and eukaryotic microorganisms (yeasts) and mammalian cells.

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Synonym(s):
Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp., Cell Culture-Tested
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H37N3O13
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
527.52
MDL number:

Quality Level

Assay

≥90% (HPLC and TLC)

form

lyophilized solid

manufacturer/tradename

Calbiochem®

storage condition

OK to freeze

color

light brown

solubility

distilled water: ≥100 mg/mL

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

InChI

1S/C20H37N3O13/c1-23-7-2-5(21)9(26)15(10(7)27)33-19-17-16(11(28)8(4-25)32-19)35-20(36-17)18(31)13(30)12(29)14(34-20)6(22)3-24/h5-19,23-31H,2-4,21-22H2,1H3/t5-,6+,7+,8-,9+,10-,11+,12-,13-,14-,15-,16+,17+,18-,19+,20?/m1/s1

InChI key

GRRNUXAQVGOGFE-KPBUCVLVSA-N

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This Item
H9773400051203350
form

lyophilized solid

form

lyophilized powder

form

liquid

form

powder

storage condition

OK to freeze

storage condition

-

storage condition

OK to freeze

storage condition

OK to freeze, desiccated (hygroscopic)

color

light brown

color

faintly brown to brown, white to beige

color

amber to brown

color

white to off-white

solubility

distilled water: ≥100 mg/mL

solubility

H2O: soluble 50 mg/mL, ethanol: soluble, methanol: soluble

solubility

-

solubility

-

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

-

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

General description

Hygromycin B, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, inhibits the growth of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms and mammalian cells. Specifically, it inhibits protein synthesis by interfering with translocation of the 70S ribosome and inducing misreading of the mRNA template (Dean, N., Gonzalez, A., et al., Rao, S.N., et al.). Hygromycin B has been used to select mutants in a wide variety of cells including bacteria (Bilang, R., et al., Salauze, D., et al.), protozoans (Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L.H.T.), yeast (Perlin, D.S., et al.), fungi (Cullen, D., et al., Kronstad, J.W., et al., Egelhoff, T.T., et al., Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B., Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P.), plants (Dean, N., Damm, B., et al., Rikkerink, E. H., et al., Sugimoto, K., et al.), and mammalian cells (Crespi, C.L., et al., Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T., Hubbard, S. C., et al.).



Resistance to Hygromycin B is conferred by a gene coding for a phosphotransferase that phosphorylates Hygromycin B, thereby inactivating it (Bilang, R., et al., Malpartida, F., et al.). Hygromycin B is known to selectively penetrate cells that have been rendered permeable by virus infection. This, combined with its potency in inhibiting translation, makes it an effective antiviral agent (MacIntyre, G., et al., Zhou, J., et al.).



The analytical data listed below will vary from lot to lot.



Appearance: Off-white to light brown solid

Bioassay: 1000 U/mg

Solubility: ≥100 mg/ml in H2O

Purity (HPLC): ≥90%

Cytotoxicity: Tested in HeLa and/or CHO cells
Potency: ≥1000 µ/mg solid.
Unique aminoglycoside antibiotic that inhibits the growth of prokaryotic (bacteria) and eukaryotic microorganisms (yeasts) and mammalian cells. Inhibits protein synthesis at the translocation step on the 70S ribosome and causes misreading of the mRNA. Hph, a gene from E. coli, encodes resistance to hygromycin B and can be isolated and cloned by recombinant DNA techniques. This hygromycin B-resistance gene is particularly useful for the identification or selection of recombinant clones in a variety of cell types. Hygromycin B penetrates cells that have been permeabilized by virus infection and can act as an effective antiviral agent. Working concentration: 50 µg/ml - 1 mg/ml for mammalian cell selection.

Warning

Toxicity: Highly Toxic & Carcinogenic / Teratogenic (I)

Other Notes

Dean, N. 1995. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA92, 1287.
Hubbard, S. C., et al. 1994. J. Biol. Chem.269, 3717.
Rikkerink, E. H., et al. 1994. Current Genetics25, 202.
Sugimoto, K., et al. 1994. Plant J.5, 863.
MacIntyre, G., et al. 1992. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol.276, 67.
Bilang, R., et al. 1991. Gene100, 247.
Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L. 1991. Gene105, 255.
Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B. 1991. Applied Environ. Microbiol.57, 1423.
MacIntyre, G., et al. 1991. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.35, 2125.
Zhou, J., et al. 1991. Gene107, 307.
Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P. 1990. Current Genetics18, 155.
Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T. 1990. Gene88, 285.
Salauze, D., et al. 1990. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.24, 1915.
Carrasco, L., et al. 1989. Pharmacol. Ther.9, 311.
Crespi, C.L., et al. 1989. Carcinogenesis10, 295.
Damm, B., et al. 1989. Mol. Gen. Genetics217, 6.
Egelhoff, T.T., et al. 1989. Mol. Cell. Biol.9, 1965.
Kronstad, J.W., et al. 1989. Gene79, 97.
Perlin, D.S., et al. 1988. J. Biol. Chem.263, 118.
Cullen, D., et al. 1987. Gene57, 21.
Gonzalez, A., et al. 1978. Biochim. Biophys. Acta521, 459.
Malpartida, F., et al. 1983. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.117, 6.
Rao, S.N., et al. 1983. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.24, 689.
Due to the nature of the Hazardous Materials in this shipment, additional shipping charges may be applied to your order. Certain sizes may be exempt from the additional hazardous materials shipping charges. Please contact your local sales office for more information regarding these charges.
Provided as a light brown lyophilized solid. Not provided under sterile conditions. If a sterile solution is desired, working solutions of Hygromycin B in aqueous media can be passed through a 0.2 micron filter before use.

Legal Information

CALBIOCHEM is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 1 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 2 Dermal - Acute Tox. 2 Oral

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable


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