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G4251

Sigma-Aldrich

L-Glutathione reduced

≥98.0%

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Synonym(s):
Glutathione-SH, γ-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine, GSH
Linear Formula:
H2NCH(CO2H)CH2CH2CONHCH(CH2SH)CONHCH2CO2H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
307.32
Beilstein:
1729812
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

Quality Level

Assay

≥98.0%

form

powder

color

white

mp

192-195 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

water: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless

application(s)

detection

functional group

amine
carboxyl
thiol

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

N[C@@H](CCC(=O)N[C@@H](CS)C(=O)NCC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C10H17N3O6S/c11-5(10(18)19)1-2-7(14)13-6(4-20)9(17)12-3-8(15)16/h5-6,20H,1-4,11H2,(H,12,17)(H,13,14)(H,15,16)(H,18,19)/t5-,6-/m0/s1

InChI key

RWSXRVCMGQZWBV-WDSKDSINSA-N

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This Item
G6529G6013Y0000517
L-Glutathione reduced ≥98.0%

Sigma-Aldrich

G4251

L-Glutathione reduced

-
L-Glutathione reduced BioXtra, ≥98.0%

Sigma-Aldrich

G6529

L-Glutathione reduced

Premium Grade
L-Glutathione reduced suitable for cell culture, BioReagent, ≥98.0%, powder

Sigma-Aldrich

G6013

L-Glutathione reduced

Essential+ Grade
Glutathione European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard

Y0000517

Glutathione

-
form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

-

color

white

color

white

color

white

color

-

mp

192-195 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

192-195 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

192-195 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

192-195 °C (dec.) (lit.)

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

-

Amino Acid Sequence

γ-Glu-Cys-Gly

General description

Glutathione (GSH) is a ubiquitous molecule found in many cells and tissues. The three amino acids present in GSH are glycine, cysteine, and glutamic acid.

Application

L-Glutathione (GSH) reduced has been used in the elution buffer to elute GST (glutathione S-transferase)-fused proteins using glutathione-agarose beads. It has been used to prepare a standard curve for GSH analyses.
May be used at 5-10 mM to elute glutathione S-transferase (GST) from glutathione agarose.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glutathione (GSH) forms conjugates with various metabolites and xenobiotics. It acts as an important co-factor for various enzymes. GSH is involved in many metabolic and signaling pathways. Glutathione functions as a thiol buffer for cellular proteins like thioredoxins and metallothioneins. GSH is also involved in the regeneration of antioxidants like tocopherols and ascorbate.
Endogenous antioxidant that plays a major role in reducing reactive oxygen species formed during cellular metabolism and the respiratory burst. Glutathione-S-transferase catalyzes the formation of glutathione thioethers with xenobiotics, leukotrienes, and other molecules that have an electrophilic center. Glutathione also forms disulfide bonds with cysteine residues in proteins. Via these mechanisms, it can have the paradoxical effect of reducing the efficacy of anti-cancer agents.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Hee Woong Yang et al.
FEBS letters, 593(15), 2060-2068 (2019-06-11)
Ribosomal protein S3 (rpS3) has endonuclease activity for DNA repair. In particular, rpS3 cleaves the phosphodiester bonds of damaged DNA. In this study, we show that the repair domain of rpS3 spans amino acids 144-189. We fused rpS3 with the
Effects of N-acetylcysteine, oral glutathione (GSH) and a novel sublingual form of GSH on oxidative stress markers: A comparative crossover study
Schmitt B, et al.
Redox Biology, 6, 198-205 (2015)
Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) Analysis of Binding Interactions of Inner-Ear Proteins.
Drescher DG, et al.
Methods in Molecular Biology, 1427, 165-165 (2016)
Co-purification and direct interaction of Ras with caveolin, an integral membrane protein of caveolae microdomains. Detergent-free purification of caveolae microdomains.
Song KS, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 271, 9690-9690 (1996)
Cu 2 O/NiO x/graphene oxide modified glassy carbon electrode for the enhanced electrochemical oxidation of reduced glutathione and nonenzyme glucose sensor.
Yuan B et al.
Electrochimica Acta, 104, 78-78 (2013)

Articles

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Oxidative stress is mediated, in part, by reactive oxygen species produced by multiple cellular processes and controlled by cellular antioxidant mechanisms such as enzymatic scavengers or antioxidant modulators. Free radicals, such as reactive oxygen species, cause cellular damage via cellular.

Dietary Antioxidants

Antioxidants protect biological systems from oxidative damage produced by oxygen-containing free radicals and from redoxactive transition metal ions such as iron, copper, and cadmium.

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