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50046

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycine

BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.0% (NT)

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Synonym(s):
Aminoacetic acid, Aminoethanoic acid, Glycocoll
Linear Formula:
NH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
75.07
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
635782
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160406
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

grade

for molecular biology

Quality Level

product line

BioUltra

assay

≥99.0% (NT)

form

crystalline

impurities

DNases, none detected
RNases, none detected
insoluble matter, passes filter test
phosphatases, none detected
proteases, none detected

ign. residue

≤0.05% (as SO4)

loss

≤0.05% loss on drying, HV, 20-26 °C

color

white

pKa (25 °C)

(1) 2.35, (2) 9.60
2.35

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

1 M HCl: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤100 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
NH4+: ≤200 mg/kg
Na: ≤100 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

NCC(O)=O

λ

1 M in 1 M HCl

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.05

InChI

1S/C2H5NO2/c3-1-2(4)5/h1,3H2,(H,4,5)

InChI key

DHMQDGOQFOQNFH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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1 of 4

This Item
50058410225357002
vibrant-m

50046

Glycine

Premium Grade
vibrant-m

50058

Glycine

-
vibrant-m

410225

Glycine

-
vibrant-m

357002

Glycine, Molecular Biology Grade

-
form

crystalline

form

crystalline

form

powder, crystals or granules

form

solid

assay

≥99.0% (NT)

assay

100.0%

assay

≥98.5%

assay

≥99% (titration)

product line

BioUltra

product line

-

product line

-

product line

-

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg, Ba: ≤5 mg/kg, Ca: ≤10 mg/kg, Co: ≤5 mg/kg, Cu: ≤5 mg/kg, K: ≤50 mg/kg, Mg: ≤5 mg/kg, Mo: ≤5 mg/kg, Na: ≤100 mg/kg, Pb: ≤5 mg/kg, Zn: ≤5 mg/kg, As: ≤0.1 mg/kg, Cd: ≤5 mg/kg, Fe: ≤5 mg/kg, Mn: ≤5 mg/kg, Ni: ≤5 mg/kg, Bi: ≤5 mg/kg, Li: ≤5 mg/kg, Sr: ≤5 mg/kg, Cr: ≤5 mg/kg, NH4+: ≤200 mg/kg

cation traces

-

cation traces

NH4+: ≤0.005%, heavy metals: ≤0.002% (by ICP)

cation traces

-

Application

Glycine has been used as a component of the viral extraction mixture for adenovirus viral extraction.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycine is a non-essential amino acid. It is involved in the synthesis of purines, serine and porphyrins. Glycine-gated channels mediate the influx of calcium through cell membranes. It also acts as a competitive agonist for glutamate in binding to the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors. In cancer cells, the synthesis of glycine might be increased due to increased demand for the amino acid.
Inhibitory neurotransmitter in spinal cord, allosteric regulator of NMDA receptors.

Storage Class

13 - Non Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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Determining pathogen and indicator levels in class B municipal organic residuals used for land application.
Rhodes ER
Journal of Environmental Quality, 44(1), 265-274 (2015)
F. Cobianchi et al.
Methods in Enzymology, 152, 101-101 (1987)
Characterization of in vitro translation products.
R Jagus
Methods in enzymology, 152, 296-304 (1987-01-01)
Metabolite Profiling Identifies a Key Role for Glycine in Rapid Cancer Cell Proliferation
Mohit Jain
Science, 336(6084), 1040-1044 (2012)
Alexander Carvajal-González et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 8), 2178-2192 (2014-06-22)
The clinical associations of glycine receptor antibodies have not yet been described fully. We identified prospectively 52 antibody-positive patients and collated their clinical features, investigations and immunotherapy responses. Serum glycine receptor antibody endpoint titres ranged from 1:20 to 1:60 000.

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