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C5238

Sigma-Aldrich

Chlorotoxin from Leiurus quinquestriatus (north Africa)

recombinant, expressed in E. coli, ≥98% (HPLC), lyophilized powder

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Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C158H256N52O48S11
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
4004.76
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.77

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

lyophilized powder

solubility

aqueous buffer: soluble

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI

1S/C158H249N53O47S11/c1-77(2)55-96-138(241)205-105(144(247)186-86(125(165)228)28-18-47-173-156(166)167)70-264-262-68-103-131(234)177-63-115(217)176-64-116(218)183-87(25-12-15-44-159)128(231)178-65-117(219)184-88(29-19-48-174-157(168)169)129(232)179-66-118(220)185-89(26-13-16-45-160)133(236)202-107-72-267-269-75-110-149(252)195-98(56-81-23-10-9-11-24-81)143(246)208-124(80(5)213)154(257)209-123(79(4)212)153(256)199-102(61-122(226)227)141(244)196-99(58-83-62-172-76-181-83)139(242)189-92(37-39-113(163)215)136(239)190-94(42-53-260-7)132(235)182-78(3)126(229)187-91(30-20-49-175-158(170)171)134(237)188-90(27-14-17-46-161)135(238)203-108(73-266-265-71-106(146(249)193-96)204-137(240)93(38-40-114(164)216)191-151(254)111-31-21-50-210(111)119(221)67-180-130(233)97(194-147(107)250)57-82-33-35-84(214)36-34-82)148(251)198-100(59-120(222)223)140(243)197-101(60-121(224)225)142(245)206-109(150(253)201-103)74-268-263-69-104(200-127(230)85(162)41-52-259-6)145(248)192-95(43-54-261-8)155(258)211-51-22-32-112(211)152(255)207-110/h9-11,23-24,33-36,62,76-80,85-112,123-124,212-214H,12-22,25-32,37-61,63-75,159-162H2,1-8H3,(H2,163,215)(H2,164,216)(H2,165,228)(H,172,181)(H,176,217)(H,177,234)(H,178,231)(H,179,232)(H,180,233)(H,182,235)(H,183,218)(H,184,219)(H,185,220)(H,186,247)(H,187,229)(H,188,237)(H,189,242)(H,190,239)(H,191,254)(H,192,248)(H,193,249)(H,194,250)(H,195,252)(H,196,244)(H,197,243)(H,198,251)(H,199,256)(H,200,230)(H,201,253)(H,202,236)(H,203,238)(H,204,240)(H,205,241)(H,206,245)(H,207,255)(H,208,246)(H,209,257)(H,222,223)(H,224,225)(H,226,227)(H4,166,167,173)(H4,168,169,174)(H4,170,171,175)/t78-,79+,80+,85-,86-,87-,88-,89-,90-,91-,92-,93-,94-,95-,96-,97-,98-,99-,100-,101-,102-,103-,104-,105-,106-,107-,108-,109-,110-,111-,112-,123-,124-/m0/s1

InChI key

QPAKKWCQMHUHNI-GQIQPHNSSA-N

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This Item
C5856C1530B5386
form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

powder

form

powder

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

solubility

aqueous buffer: soluble

solubility

-

solubility

DMSO: soluble, chloroform: soluble

solubility

aqueous base: soluble, clear

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

recombinant

-

recombinant

-

Amino Acid Sequence

Met-Cys-Met-Pro-Cys-Phe-Thr-Thr-Asp-His-Gln-Met-Ala-Arg-Lys-Cys-Asp-Asp-Cys-Cys-Gly-Gly-Lys-Gly-Arg-Gly-Lys-Cys-Tyr-Gly-Pro-Gln-Cys-Leu-Cys-Arg

Biochem/physiol Actions

Chlorotoxin (CLTX) is a peptide isolated from the venom of scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus. It comprises three lysines at the N-terminal region and four disulfide bonds. It can traverse the blood-brain barrier and can associate specifically with cancer cells especially in neuroblastoma, glioma, and medulloblastoma. CLTX binds to chloride-gated channels (CLC30) and the matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) in glioma cells. It is exploited in the imaging probe preparations for aiding non-cancer and cancer cell differentiation.
Potent blocker of small-conductance Cl- channels.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Chloride Channels page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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Paola G Ojeda et al.
Biopolymers, 108(5) (2017-05-02)
Chlorotoxin (CTX), a disulfide-rich peptide from the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus, has several promising biopharmaceutical properties, including preferential affinity for certain cancer cells, high serum stability, and cell penetration. These properties underpin its potential for use as a drug design scaffold
Amber Emmerson et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 128(7), 3088-3101 (2018-04-25)
The superoxide-generating enzyme Nox2 contributes to hypertension and cardiovascular remodeling triggered by activation of the renin-angiotensin system. Multiple Nox2-expressing cells are implicated in angiotensin II-induced (Ang II-induced) pathophysiology, but the importance of Nox2 in leukocyte subsets is poorly understood. Here
Dorra Aissaoui et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 111, 1146-1155 (2018-02-09)
Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels are known to play a pivotal role in the progression of various cancer types and considered as new targets for designing anti-cancer therapy. However, the fact that many Kv channels are expressed in different cell lines
Joy L Kovar et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 440(2), 212-219 (2013-05-29)
Primary brain tumors present significant challenges for surgical resection because of their location and the frequent occurrence of malignant projections extending beyond the primary tumor. Visualization of the tumor margins during surgery is critical for a favorable outcome. We report
N Ullrich et al.
Neuroscience, 83(4), 1161-1173 (1998-03-21)
Using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, we identified a novel voltage-activated chloride current that was selectively expressed in glioma cells from 23 patient biopsies. Chloride currents were identified in 64% of glioma cells studied in acute slices of nine patient biopsies. These

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