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N9376

Sigma-Aldrich

4-Nitrophenyl N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide

≥99% (TLC)

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Synonym(s):
4-Nitrophenyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranoside
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C14H18N2O8
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
342.30
Beilstein:
96193
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Assay

≥99% (TLC)

form

powder

impurities

≤0.05% Free p-nitrophenol

solubility

water: 5 mg/mL, clear, colorless to very faintly yellow

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CC(=O)N[C@@H]1[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](CO)O[C@H]1Oc2ccc(cc2)[N+]([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C14H18N2O8/c1-7(18)15-11-13(20)12(19)10(6-17)24-14(11)23-9-4-2-8(3-5-9)16(21)22/h2-5,10-14,17,19-20H,6H2,1H3,(H,15,18)/t10-,11-,12-,13-,14-/m1/s1

InChI key

OMRLTNCLYHKQCK-DHGKCCLASA-N

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This Item
N7006N4264N1377
form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder or crystals

solubility

water: 5 mg/mL, clear, colorless to very faintly yellow

solubility

water: 50 mg/mL, clear to very slightly hazy

solubility

DMF: 25 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

solubility

methanol: 20 mg/mL, clear to very slightly hazy, colorless to greenish-yellow

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

impurities

≤0.05% Free p-nitrophenol

impurities

-

impurities

-

impurities

-

Application

N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) has been used:
  • as a substrate to assay N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG)
  • as a substrate to study chitinase ChiB1 activity
  • to assess degranulation using rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3 cells

Biochem/physiol Actions

4-Nitrophenyl N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide (NP-GlcNAc) is a widely used hexosaminidase substrate. Enzymatic action cleaves the glycosidic bond and forms 4-nitrophenolate (pNP) which is measured at 405 nm. NP-GlcNAc can also be used in combination with diethylaminoethyl-a-cyclodextrin (DEn-CD) for a rapid and accurate rate assay method for b-N-acetylglucosaminidase. The cyclodextrin derivative is used as an additive to ionize 4-nitrophenol to yellow-colored 4-nitrophenoxide at a pH near 5, the pH optimum for the enzyme.

Substrates

Chromogenic substrate for N-acetyl-glucosaminidase.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Femke Waanders et al.
American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation, 53(1), 16-25 (2008-10-01)
Tubulointerstitial damage plays an important role in chronic kidney disease (CKD) with proteinuria. Urinary kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) reflects tubular KIM-1 and is considered a sensitive biomarker for early tubular damage. We hypothesized that a decrease in proteinuria by
Chromogenic carbamate and acetal substrates for glycosaminidases
Chibba A, et al.
Carbohydrate Chemistry, 549-558 null
Yajun Zhou et al.
FEMS microbiology letters, 363(12) (2016-05-18)
We purified a chitinase from pilei extractions of Coprinopsis cinerea fruiting bodies by ammonium sulfate precipitation and CM Sepharose cation exchange chromatography. MALDI-TOF/TOF MS analysis characterized this purified chitinase as a putative class V chitinase, ChiB1. ChiB1 hydrolyzed colloidal chitin
Kenji Osumi et al.
Carbohydrate research, 339(15), 2633-2635 (2004-10-13)
We found that the recombinant endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase of Mucor hiemalis (Endo-M) expressed in Candida boidinii had the transglycosylation activity of transferring a bisecting hybrid-type oligosaccharide from an ovalbumin glycopeptide to the acceptor (p-nitrophenyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoside) in a good yield of 43%.
Jin-Jin Xie et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 39(4-5), 159-164 (2006-07-04)
Chemical modification of p-chloromercuribenzoate (PCMB) on beta-N-acetyl-d-glucosaminidase (NAGase, EC 3.2.1.52) from green crab (Scylla serrata) has been studied. The results show that sulfhydryl group is essential for the activity of the enzyme. Inhibitory kinetics of the enzyme by mercuric chloride

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