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91228

Sigma-Aldrich

Trichloroacetic acid

BioUltra, ≥99.5% (T)

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Synonym(s):
TCA
Linear Formula:
Cl3CCOOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
163.39
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
970119
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

vapor density

<1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 51 °C)

product line

BioUltra

assay

≥99.5% (T)

form

crystals
flakes

impurities

insoluble matter, passes filter test

ign. residue

≤0.05%

refractive index

n20/D 1.62 (lit.)

pH

<1.0 (25 °C, 0.5 M in H2O)

bp

196 °C (lit.)

mp

54-58 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 0.5 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

density

1.62 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤30 mg/kg
nitrate (NO3-): ≤20 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤10 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤100 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤50 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

OC(=O)C(Cl)(Cl)Cl

λ

0.5 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: 1.60
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.15

InChI

1S/C2HCl3O2/c3-2(4,5)1(6)7/h(H,6,7)

InChI key

YNJBWRMUSHSURL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
T9159T63998.22342
vibrant-m

91228

Trichloroacetic acid

Premium Grade
vibrant-m

T9159

Trichloroacetic acid

Premium Grade
vibrant-m

T6399

Trichloroacetic acid

-
vibrant-m

8.22342

Trichloroacetic acid

-
assay

≥99.5% (T)

assay

≥99.0%

assay

≥99.0%

assay

≥98% (acidimetric)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 51 °C)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 51 °C)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 51 °C)

vapor pressure

1 hPa ( 20 °C)

density

1.62 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.62 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.62 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.63 g/cm3 at 20 °C

solubility

H2O: 0.5 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

solubility

H2O: 0.5 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

solubility

H2O: 1 g/10 mL

solubility

1300 g/L

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤30 mg/kg, phosphate (PO43-): ≤10 mg/kg, nitrate (NO3-): ≤20 mg/kg, sulfate (SO42-): ≤100 mg/kg

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.05%

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.002%, nitrate (NO3-): ≤0.002%, phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 ppm, sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.02%

anion traces

-

General description

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is derived from Trichloroethylene (TCE) metabolism. It is used as an acid decalcifying agent. TCA is used as a fixative for nuclear staining and protein precipitation.

Application

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) has been used:
  • to determine its effect on avian embryos during an exposure window encompassing cardiac specification
  • as a cell fixative
  • to terminate the O-acetylserine (thiol)lyase (OASTL) enzymatic assay
  • for the precipitation of acidic ribosomal proteins (RPs)

Traditionally used to precipitate protein. Has been used to determine protein concentration by quantitative precipitation. Used as decalcifier and fixative in microscopy.

Other Notes

Concentration of protein by quantitative precipitation; Cytochemical demonstration of DNA with a thiazine dye

pictograms

CorrosionEnvironment

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

235.4 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

> 113 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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