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G9284

Sigma-Aldrich

Guanidine hydrochloride solution

Colorless liquid, 7.8 - 8.3 M, pH- 4.5 - 5.5

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Synonym(s):
Aminoformamidine hydrochloride, Guanidinium chloride, Guanidium chloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CH5N3 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
95.53
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3591990
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.55

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This Item
50950RDD001G3272
vibrant-m

G9284

Guanidine hydrochloride solution

vibrant-m

50950

Guanidine hydrochloride

vibrant-m

RDD001

Guanidine hydrochloride

vibrant-m

G3272

Guanidine hydrochloride

form

liquid

form

powder or crystals

form

-

form

crystalline powder

density

1.18 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.3 g/cm3 (lit.)

density

1.3 g/cm3 (lit.)

density

1.3 g/cm3 (lit.)

Gene Information

human ... KCNA1(3736), KCNA10(3744), KCNA2(3737), KCNA3(3738), KCNA4(3739), KCNA5(3741), KCNA6(3742), KCNA7(3743), KCNB1(3745), KCNB2(9312), KCNC1(3746), KCNC2(3747), KCNC3(3748), KCNC4(3749), KCND1(3750), KCND2(3751), KCND3(3752), KCNF1(3754), KCNG1(3755), KCNG2(26251), KCNG3(170850), KCNG4(93107), KCNH1(3756), KCNH2(3757), KCNH3(23416), KCNH4(23415), KCNH5(27133), KCNH6(81033), KCNH7(90134), KCNH8(131096), KCNQ1(3784), KCNQ2(3785), KCNQ3(3786), KCNQ4(9132), KCNQ5(56479), KCNS1(3787), KCNS2(3788), KCNS3(3790), KCNV1(27012), KCNV2(169522)

Gene Information

human ... KCNA1(3736), KCNA10(3744), KCNA2(3737), KCNA3(3738), KCNA4(3739), KCNA5(3741), KCNA6(3742), KCNA7(3743), KCNB1(3745), KCNB2(9312), KCNC1(3746), KCNC2(3747), KCNC3(3748), KCNC4(3749), KCND1(3750), KCND2(3751), KCND3(3752), KCNF1(3754), KCNG1(3755), KCNG2(26251), KCNG3(170850), KCNG4(93107), KCNH1(3756), KCNH2(3757), KCNH3(23416), KCNH4(23415), KCNH5(27133), KCNH6(81033), KCNH7(90134), KCNH8(131096), KCNQ1(3784), KCNQ2(3785), KCNQ3(3786), KCNQ4(9132), KCNQ5(56479), KCNS1(3787), KCNS2(3788), KCNS3(3790), KCNV1(27012), KCNV2(169522)

Gene Information

human ... KCNA1(3736), KCNA10(3744), KCNA2(3737), KCNA3(3738), KCNA4(3739), KCNA5(3741), KCNA6(3742), KCNA7(3743), KCNB1(3745), KCNB2(9312), KCNC1(3746), KCNC2(3747), KCNC3(3748), KCNC4(3749), KCND1(3750), KCND2(3751), KCND3(3752), KCNF1(3754), KCNG1(3755), KCNG2(26251), KCNG3(170850), KCNG4(93107), KCNH1(3756), KCNH2(3757), KCNH3(23416), KCNH4(23415), KCNH5(27133), KCNH6(81033), KCNH7(90134), KCNH8(131096), KCNQ1(3784), KCNQ2(3785), KCNQ3(3786), KCNQ4(9132), KCNQ5(56479), KCNS1(3787), KCNS2(3788), KCNS3(3790), KCNV1(27012), KCNV2(169522)

Gene Information

human ... KCNA1(3736), KCNA10(3744), KCNA2(3737), KCNA3(3738), KCNA4(3739), KCNA5(3741), KCNA6(3742), KCNA7(3743), KCNB1(3745), KCNB2(9312), KCNC1(3746), KCNC2(3747), KCNC3(3748), KCNC4(3749), KCND1(3750), KCND2(3751), KCND3(3752), KCNF1(3754), KCNG1(3755), KCNG2(26251), KCNG3(170850), KCNG4(93107), KCNH1(3756), KCNH2(3757), KCNH3(23416), KCNH4(23415), KCNH5(27133), KCNH6(81033), KCNH7(90134), KCNH8(131096), KCNQ1(3784), KCNQ2(3785), KCNQ3(3786), KCNQ4(9132), KCNQ5(56479), KCNS1(3787), KCNS2(3788), KCNS3(3790), KCNV1(27012), KCNV2(169522)

Application

Guanidine hydrochloride solution has been used:
  • for protein denaturation
  • to homogenize hypothalamus, thalamus, prefrontal cortex, and brainstem samples for total β-amyloid (Aβ) extraction and Aβ42 quantification
  • as a chaotropic denaturant to treat human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) samples to study its effects on HIV-1 sensitivity and to assay protein stability

Biochem/physiol Actions

Guanidine‐HCl (Gnd-HCl), an efficient chaotropic agent, is broadly used in RNA isolation, globular protein denaturation, and protein refolding studies as a denaturant. It is an appropriate sample buffer for the quick and effective elution of affinity-purified protein complexes and the subsequent protein digestion step. GnHCl can be used to extract proteins in extracellular matrix (ECM)‐rich tissues including bone, cartilage, ligament, and tendon. Gnd-HCl is not used in proteomics experiments due to its interference with trypsin activity at low molar concentrations and tendency to precipitate when combined with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). It is appropriate for performing rapid and single-step affinity-purification mass spectrometry (AP-MS) experiments.

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class

10 - Combustible liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Jianwen Xu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 110(12), 3819-3828 (2021-09-11)
The purpose of this investigation was to highlight the utility of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) as a multi-attribute method for the characterization of therapeutic antibodies. In this case study, we compared results from isothermal chemical denaturation (ICD) and NMR with
Jessica Colby-Milley et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0130177-e0130177 (2015-06-16)
In addition to cognitive decline, individuals affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) can experience important neuropsychiatric symptoms including sleep disturbances. We characterized the sleep-wake cycle in the TgCRND8 mouse model of AD, which overexpresses a mutant human form of amyloid precursor
Nitish Agrawal et al.
PloS one, 6(6), e21339-e21339 (2011-07-09)
The HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) spike is challenging to study at the molecular level, due in part to its genetic variability, structural heterogeneity and lability. However, the extent of lability in Env function, particularly for primary isolates across clades, has
Yalda Ashraf Kharaz et al.
Proteomics, 17(13-14) (2017-05-27)
Exploring the tendon proteome is a challenging but important task for understanding the mechanisms of physiological/pathological processes during ageing and disease and for the development of new treatments. Several extraction methods have been utilised for tendon mass spectrometry, however different
Jon W Poulsen et al.
Journal of proteome research, 12(2), 1020-1030 (2012-11-29)
Protein digestion is an integral part of the "shotgun" proteomics approach and commonly requires overnight incubation prior to mass spectrometry analysis. Quadruplicate "shotgun" proteomic analysis of whole yeast lysate demonstrated that Guanidine-Hydrochloride (Gnd-HCl) protein digestion can be optimally completed within

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