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G8404

Sigma-Aldrich

Glucose-6-phosphate Dehydrogenase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides

recombinant, expressed in E. coli, ammonium sulfate suspension, ≥550 units/mg protein (biuret)

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Synonym(s):
Entner-Doudoroff enzyme, G6PD, G6PDH, NADP glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, G-6-P-DH
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.54

biological source

bacterial (Leuconostoc mesenteroides)

Quality Level

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

form

ammonium sulfate suspension

specific activity

≥550 units/mg protein (biuret)

mol wt

128 kDa

storage condition

(Tightly closed)

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

UniProt accession no.

foreign activity

creatine phosphokinase, glutathione reductase, myokinase, NADH oxidase, NADPH oxidase, phosphoglucomutase, 6-phosphogluconic dehydrogenase, phosphoglucose isomerase, lactic dehydrogenase, hexokinase ≤0.01%

storage temp.

2-8°C

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1 of 4

This Item
G5760G5885G7877
technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

cell based assay: suitable

biological source

bacterial (Leuconostoc mesenteroides)

biological source

bacterial (Leuconostoc mesenteroides)

biological source

bacterial (Leuconostoc mesenteroides)

biological source

bakers yeast

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

mol wt

128 kDa

mol wt

54 kDa

mol wt

128 kDa

mol wt

128 kDa

form

ammonium sulfate suspension

form

ammonium sulfate suspension

form

lyophilized powder

form

ammonium sulfate suspension

General description

Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-P-DH) is a key regulatory enzyme in the first step of the pentose phosphate pathway. G-6-P-DH is a glycoprotein with a molecular mass of 128 kDa (gel filtration).G6PD is a dimer and consists of a single active site at each subunit.

Research area: Cell Signaling

Application

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase has been used:

  • to test ketose reductase activity in developing maize endosperm.
  • to determine the levels of mannose in coronary heart disease patient-derived serum
  • to study its activity on extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) extract to determine cell lysis through sonication
  • to determine the glucose uptake in cultured human muscle satellite cells

Biochem/physiol Actions

G6PD provides all cells with reducing power as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) which enables the cells to balance oxidative stress. Mutations in the G6PD gene are associated with X-linked G6PD deficiency, a hereditary genetic defect such as neonatal jaundice and acute hemolytic anemia.
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) catalyzes the conversion of glucose-6-phosphate to 6-phosphogluconolacetone as the first step in the pentose phosphate pathway.

Unit Definition

One unit will oxidize 1.0 μmole of D-glucose 6-phosphate to 6-phospho-D-gluconate per min in the presence of NAD at pH 7.8 at 30 °C.

Physical form

Suspension in 3.2 M (NH4)2SO4 containing 50 mM Tris and 1 mM MgCl2, pH 7.5

Storage Class

12 - Non Combustible Liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Angelo Minucci et al.
IUBMB life, 61(1), 27-34 (2008-10-23)
Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common defect of red blood cells. Although some different laboratory techniques or methods are employed for the biochemical screening, a strict relationship between biochemists, clinicians, and molecular biologists is necessary for a
Charles-David Dubé et al.
AMB Express, 9(1), 23-23 (2019-02-08)
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) play major roles in the efficacy of biofilms such as anaerobic granules, ranging from structural stability to more specific functions. The EPS of three granular anaerobic sludges of different origins were studied and compared. Particularly, the
Hemang M Parikh et al.
BMC endocrine disorders, 21(1), 32-32 (2021-03-01)
Insulin resistance (IR) in skeletal muscle is a key feature of the pre-diabetic state, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular diseases and also predicts type 2 diabetes. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still poorly understood. To explore these mechanisms, we related global
Cara A Griffiths et al.
Nature, 540(7634), 574-578 (2016-12-16)
The pressing global issue of food insecurity due to population growth, diminishing land and variable climate can only be addressed in agriculture by improving both maximum crop yield potential and resilience. Genetic modification is one potential solution, but has yet
M D Cappellini et al.
Lancet (London, England), 371(9606), 64-74 (2008-01-08)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common human enzyme defect, being present in more than 400 million people worldwide. The global distribution of this disorder is remarkably similar to that of malaria, lending support to the so-called malaria protection

Articles

Instructions for working with enzymes supplied as ammonium sulfate suspensions

Protocols

To measure glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity, beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate is used in a spectrophotometric rate determination assay at 340 nm.

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