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I1507

Sigma-Aldrich

Insulin human

≥95% (HPLC), semisynthetic, powder, non-sterile

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Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C257H383N65O77S6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
5807.57
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.83

biological source

semisynthetic

Quality Level

sterility

non-sterile

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

powder

concentration

>75%

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

0.01 M HCl: 0.5 mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CC[C@H](C)[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@H]2CSSC[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](CSSC[C@@H](C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC2=O)CO)CC(C)C)CC3=CC=C(C=C3)O)CCC(=O)N)CC(C)C)CCC(=O)O)CC(=O)N)CC4=CC=C(C=C4)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(=O)N)C(=O)O)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(=O)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(=N)N)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CC5=CC=CC=C5)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC6=CC=CC=C6)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC7=CC=C(C=C7)O)C(=O)N[C@@H]([C@@H](C)O)C(=O)N8CCC[C@H]8C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H]([C@@H](C)O)C(=O)O)C(C)C)CC(C)C)CC9=CC=C(C=C9)O)CC(C)C)C)CCC(=O)O)C(C)C)CC(C)C)CC2=CNC=N2)CO)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](CC2=CNC=N2)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(=O)N)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(=O)N)NC(=O)[C@H](C(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](CC2=CC=CC=C2)N)C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N1)CO)[C@@H](C)O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(=O)N)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(=O)O)NC(=O)[C@H](C(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H]([C@@H](C)CC)NC(=O)CN

InChI key

PBGKTOXHQIOBKM-FHFVDXKLSA-N

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

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1 of 4

This Item
I3536I090811376497001
vibrant-m

I1507

Insulin human

vibrant-m

I3536

Insulin human

vibrant-m

I0908

Insulin human

vibrant-m

11376497001

Insulin, human

biological source

semisynthetic

biological source

-

biological source

human

biological source

-

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

assay

-

assay

-

assay

>98% (SDS-PAGE)

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

-

shipped in

-

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

General description

Research area: Cell Signaling

Insulin binds to the receptors of target cells in the liver, skeletal muscle and fat, b cells, brain cells, and many other cells. The insulin gene is located on human chromosome 11p15.5.

Application

Insulin human has been used:
  • in artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF) to study the effect of preoptic area administration of insulin on core body temperature (CBT) in mice
  • in contact-mode scanning probe electrospray ionization (SPESI) to study the effect of substrate vibration on ionization efficiency
  • as a component of adipocyte differentiation media

Biochem/physiol Actions

Insulin is important to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Insulin deficiency is associated with diabetes mellitus.
Insulin signaling is associated with two important pathways namely: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K, a lipid kinase)/AKT (also known as PKB or protein kinase B) pathway and the Raf/Ras/MEK/ MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase, also known as ERK or extracellular signal-regulated kinase) pathway. Insulin increases the metabolic pathways controlling glycogen synthesis, gene expression, DNA synthesis, and Na+/K+ pump. It inhibits metabolic pathways regulating apoptosis and autophagy.
Two-chain polypeptide hormone produced by the β-cells of pancreatic islets. Its molecular weight is ~5800 Da. The α and β chains are joined by two interchain disulfide bonds. The α chain contains an intrachain disulfide bond. Insulin regulates the cellular uptake, utilization, and storage of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids and inhibits the breakdown of glycogen, protein, and fat.

Other Notes

InChI: 1S/C257H383N65O77S6/c1-29-131(23)205(313-193(339)104-259)252(393)317-204(130(21)22)248(389)288-159(75-82-200(349)350)217(358)282-156(71-78-189(263)335)221(362)308-183-116-403-404-117-184-243(384)305-178(111-324)240(381)294-162(88-123(7)8)225(366)295-168(95-140-53-61-146(329)62-54-140)228(369)283-154(69-76-187(261)333)218(359)290-161(87-122(5)6)223(364)285-158(74-81-199(347)348)220(361)302-174(101-190(264)336)235(376)298-170(97-142-57-65-148(331)66-58-142)231(372)309-182(242(383)304-176(255(396)397)103-192(266)338)115-402-401-114-181(214(355)273-107-194(340)278-153(72-79-197(343)344)216(357)281-151(51-42-84-271-257(267)268)212(353)272-108-195(341)279-166(93-138-46-36-32-37-47-138)227(368)297-167(94-139-48-38-33-39-49-139)230(371)299-171(98-143-59-67-149(332)68-60-143)238(379)320-208(135(27)327)254(395)322-85-43-52-186(322)246(387)286-152(50-40-41-83-258)222(363)321-209(136(28)328)256(398)399)311-250(391)203(129(19)20)316-236(377)164(90-125(11)12)292-229(370)169(96-141-55-63-147(330)64-56-141)296-224(365)160(86-121(3)4)289-210(351)133(25)277-215(356)157(73-80-198(345)346)287-247(388)202(128(17)18)315-237(378)165(91-126(13)14)293-233(374)173(100-145-106-270-120-276-145)301-239(380)177(110-323)280-196(342)109-274-213(354)180(113-400-405-118-185(310-244(183)385)245(386)319-207(134(26)326)253(394)306-179(112-325)241(382)318-206(132(24)30-2)251(392)312-184)307-226(367)163(89-124(9)10)291-232(373)172(99-144-105-269-119-275-144)300-219(360)155(70-77-188(262)334)284-234(375)175(102-191(265)337)303-249(390)201(127(15)16)314-211(352)150(260)92-137-44-34-31-35-45-137/h31-39,44-49,53-68,105-106,119-136,150-186,201-209,323-332H,29-30,40-43,50-52,69-104,107-118,258-260H2,1-28H3,(H2,261,333)(H2,262,334)(H2,263,335)(H2,264,336)(H2,265,337)(H2,266,338)(H,269,275)(H,270,276)(H,272,353)(H,273,355)(H,274,354)(H,277,356)(H,278,340)(H,279,341)(H,280,342)(H,281,357)(H,282,358)(H,283,369)(H,284,375)(H,285,364)(H,286,387)(H,287,388)(H,288,389)(H,289,351)(H,290,359)(H,291,373)(H,292,370)(H,293,374)(H,294,381)(H,295,366)(H,296,365)(H,297,368)(H,298,376)(H,299,371)(H,300,360)(H,301,380)(H,302,361)(H,303,390)(H,304,383)(H,305,384)(H,306,394)(H,307,367)(H,308,362)(H,309,372)(H,310,385)(H,311,391)(H,312,392)(H,313,339)(H,314,352)(H,315,378)(H,316,377)(H,317,393)(H,318,382)(H,319,386)(H,320,379)(H,321,363)(H,343,344)(H,345,346)(H,347,348)(H,349,350)(H,396,397)(H,398,399)(H4,267,268,271)/t131-,132-,133-,134+,135+,136+,150-,151-,152-,153-,154-,155-,156-,157-,158-,159-,160-,161-,162-,163-,164-,165-,166-,167-,168-,169-,170-,171-,172-,173-,174-,175-,176-,177-,178-,179-,180-,181-,182-,183-,184-,185-,186-,201-,202-,203-,204-,205-,206-,207-,208-,209-/m0/s1

Preparation Note

Derived from porcine insulin

related product

Product No.
Description
Pricing

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

nwg

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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The Role of Melatonin Preconditioning on Survival of Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Differentiation to Osteoblasts
Rafat A, et al.
Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal (2018)
Dose-and type-dependent effects of long-chain fatty acids on adipogenesis and lipogenesis of bovine adipocytes
Yanting C, et al.
Journal of Dairy Science, 101(2), 1601-1615 (2018)
The role of insulin-like growth factor 2 and its receptors in human tumors
Pavelic K, et al.
Molecular Medicine, 8(12), 771-780 (2002)
Lutein leads to a decrease of factor D secretion by cultured mature human adipocytes
Tian Y, et al.
Journal of Ophthalmology, 2015 (2015)
Manuel Sanchez-Alavez et al.
Diabetes, 59(1), 43-50 (2009-10-23)
Temperature and nutrient homeostasis are two interdependent components of energy balance regulated by distinct sets of hypothalamic neurons. The objective is to examine the role of the metabolic signal insulin in the control of core body temperature (CBT). The effect

Protocols

Insulin is an approximately 6000 Da peptide hormone used to regulate the glucose concentration in blood. There are several different forms of insulin that are both natural and recombinant; the recombinant forms have been engineered to improve pharmacokinetic properties. A quick and reliable chromatographic technique was developed to identify and detect a mixture of insulin variants in an unknown sample.

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